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Daniel 10: 20-21 - Daniel 11:1
So he said, "Do you know why I have come to you?
Soon I will return to fight against the prince of Persia,
and when I go, the prince of Greece will come; 21 but first
I will tell you what is written in the Book of Truth.
(No one supports me against them except Michael, your prince.
1 And in the first year of Darius the Mede, I took my stand to
support and protect him.)
God’s “Book of Truth”
Daniel 11: 2-45
2 Now then, I tell you the truth: Three more kings will appear
in Persia, and then a fourth, who will be far richer than all the
others. When he has gained power by his wealth, he will stir up
everyone against the kingdom of Greece.
3 Then a mighty king will appear, who will rule with great power
and do as he pleases.
4 After he has appeared, his empire will be broken up and
parceled out toward the four winds of heaven. It will not go to
his descendants, nor will it have the power he exercised,
because his empire will be uprooted and given to others.
5 The king of the South will become strong, but one of his
commanders will become even stronger than he and will
rule his own kingdom with great power.
6 After some years, they will become allies.
The daughter of the king of the South will go to the king of the
North to make an alliance, but she will not retain her power,
and he and his power will not last. In those days she will
be handed over, together with her royal escort and her father
and the one who supported her.
7 One from her family line will arise to take her place.
He will attack the forces of the king of the North and enter
his fortress; he will fight against them and be victorious.
8 He will also seize their gods, their metal images and their
valuable articles of silver and gold and carry them off to Egypt.
For some years he will leave the king of the North alone.
9 Then the king of the North will invade the realm of the
king of the South but will retreat to his own country.
10 His sons will prepare for war and assemble a great army,
which will sweep on like an irresistible flood and carry the
battle as far as his fortress.
11 Then the king of the South will march out in a rage and fight
against the king of the North, who will raise a large army, but it
will be defeated. 12 When the army is carried off, the king of the
South will be filled with pride and will slaughter many thousands,
yet he will not remain triumphant.
13 For the king of the North will muster another army, larger
than the first; and after several years, he will advance with a
huge army fully equipped.
14 In those times many will rise against the king of the South.
The violent men among your own people will rebel
in fulfillment of the vision, but without success.
15 Then the king of the North will come and build up
siege ramps and will capture a fortified city.
The forces of the South will be powerless to resist;
even their best troops will not have the strength to stand.
16 The invader will do as he pleases; no one will be able
to stand against him. He will establish himself in the
Beautiful Land and will have the power to destroy it.
17 He will determine to come with the might of his entire
kingdom and will make an alliance with the king of the South.
And he will give him a daughter in marriage in order to overthrow
the kingdom, but his plans will not succeed or help him.
18 Then he will turn his attention to the coastlands
and will take many of them,
but a commander will put an end to his insolence
and will turn his insolence back upon him.
19 After this, he will turn back toward the
fortresses of his own country
but will stumble and fall, to be seen no more.
20 His successor will send out a tax collector
to maintain the royal splendor.
In a few years, however, he will be destroyed,
yet not in anger or in battle.
21 He will be succeeded by a contemptible person who has
not been given the honor of royalty. He will invade the kingdom
when its people feel secure, and he will seize it through intrigue.
22 Then an overwhelming army will be swept away before him;
both it and a prince of the covenant will be destroyed.
23 After coming to an agreement with him, he will act
deceitfully, and with only a few people he will rise to power.
24 When the richest provinces feel secure, he will invade them
and will achieve what neither his fathers nor his forefathers did.
He will distribute plunder, loot and wealth among his followers.
He will plot the overthrow of fortresses-but only for a time.
25 With a large army he will stir up his strength
and courage against the king of the South.
The king of the South will wage war with a large and
very powerful army, but he will not be able to stand
because of the plots devised against him.
26 Those who eat from the king's provisions will
try to destroy him; his army will be swept away,
and many will fall in battle.
27 The two kings, with their hearts bent on evil, will
sit at the same table and lie to each other, but to no avail,
because an end will still come at the appointed time.
28 The king of the North will return to his own country
with great wealth, but his heart will be set against the
holy covenant. He will take action against it and then
return to his own country.
29 "At the appointed time he will invade the South again, but
this time the outcome will be different from what it was before.
30 Ships of the western coastlands will oppose him, and
he will lose heart. Then he will turn back and vent his fury
against the holy covenant. He will return and show favor
to those who forsake the holy covenant.
31 "His armed forces will rise up to desecrate the temple
fortress and will abolish the daily sacrifice. Then they will
set up the abomination that causes desolation.
32 With flattery he will corrupt those who have violated
the covenant, but the people who know their God will
firmly resist him.
33 Those who are wise will instruct many, though for a time
they will fall by the sword or be burned or captured or plundered.
34 When they fall, they will receive a little help, and many who
are not sincere will join them.
35 Some of the wise will stumble, so that they may be refined,
purified and made spotless until the time of the end, for it will
still come at the appointed time.
36 The king will do as he pleases. He will exalt and magnify
himself above every god and will say unheard-of things against
the God of gods.
He will be successful until the time of wrath is completed, for
what has been determined must take place.
37 He will show no regard for the gods of his fathers or
for the one desired by women, nor will he regard any god,
but will exalt himself above them all.
38 Instead of them, he will honor a god of fortresses;
a god unknown to his fathers he will honor with gold and silver,
with precious stones and costly gifts.
39 He will attack the mightiest fortresses with the help of a
foreign god and will greatly honor those who acknowledge
him. He will make them rulers over many people and will
distribute the land at a price.
40 At the time of the end the king of the South will engage him
in battle, and the king of the North will storm out against him
with chariots and cavalry and a great fleet of ships. He will
invade many countries and sweep through them like a flood.
41 He will also invade the Beautiful Land. Many countries will
fall, but Edom, Moab and the leaders of Ammon will be delivered
from his hand. 42 He will extend his power over many countries;
Egypt will not escape. 43 He will gain control of the treasures
of gold and silver and all the riches of Egypt, with the Libyans
and Nubians in submission.
44 But reports from the east and the north will alarm him, and
he will set out in a great rage to destroy and annihilate many.
45 He will pitch his royal tents between the seas at the
beautiful holy mountain. Yet he will come to his end,
and no one will help him.
(Importance of Daniel 11)
The importance of Daniel 11 is shown by it’s
introduction in Daniel 10 and it’s designation as
God’s “Book of Truth.” [God’s master plan.]
Also, it was the only chapter in the Bible that was
“sealed until the time of the end”. (Daniel 12:9)
Micheal is mentioned again in Daniel 12, when
Daniel’s own people, the Jews, are addressed.
Daniel 11 (verse-by-verse)
Explanations & Comments
Cyrus was king of Persia (539 BC)
1. Cambyrses II (530-523 BC)
2. Bardiya (523-522 BC)
3. Darius the Mede (522-486 BC)
4. Xerxes I (486-465 BC) peak of the
Persian Empire and sacked Athens.
Alexander the Great (332-323 BC) arose from Greece
and conquered the entire Persian Empire in about 4 years.
Alexander died at an early age and left no heir.
The next four empires would only share the Middle East.
1. Ptolemaic Empire (South) 323 - 30 BC
2. Seleucid Empire (North) 323 - 130 BC
3. Roman / Byzantine Empire (West) 63 BC - 637 AD
4. Parthian / Sassanid Empire (East) 130 BC - 651 AD.
(dates are approx. for occupation of Middle East only)
Page 1 on PDF (same as old explanation)
Page 2 (unique explanation begins)
© 2010-2016 http:// Daniel11Truth.com
Page 3 (Islam begins)
The king of the South was the Rashidun Caliphate,
Muhammad and his initial successors, who eventually
conquered the entire Middle East. (622 - 661 AD)
The powerful commander was Muawiyah, the governor
of Syria, who revolted against Ali, assassinated him, and
ruled the entire kingdom from Damascus. (661 - 750 AD)
Page 4 (permanent split in Islam)
Correct Interpretation of Daniel 11
Note: Page #’s refer to the website
(click for expanded details)
Muawiyah signed a treaty with Hasan, Ali’s son and
Muhammad’s grandson. However, he enticed Ja’da,
Hasan’s wife, to poison him and come North. Yet, when
she got there, she did not marry Muawiyah’s son, Yazid.
She was ‘handed over’ to another to marry. Yazid’s ‘power
did not last’ because he died and his heir was rejected.
Page 5 (Shiites take South)
The founder of the Fatimid Caliphate (909 - 1171) traced his
ancestry to Muhammad’s daughter, Fatimid, whose husband, Ali,
and two sons were killed by the Sunni. They battled all the way
to Baghdad and are said to have occupied it for two years.
They built Cairo, Egypt, in 969, to be the Southern capital.
The Sultan, Saladin, founded the Ayyubid Caliphate (1171-1260),
which restored the South, but he never attacked Baghdad.
Page 6 (Mongols take North)
Page 7 (Mamluks in South - attack the Mongols)
Page 8 (Mamluks keep South but North divides)
Page 9 (Ottoman Empire)
Genghis Khan amassed a huge empire, extending into
eastern Persia, but never attacked the Abbasids in Baghdad.
He is unique in the fact that he split his empire among
many ‘sons’. The empire continued to spread from
generation to generation. Hugalu Khan destroyed Baghdad,
took the Northern kingdom in 1258 and approached Egypt.
As Hugalu pushed into Gaza, in 1260, his brother
died, so he returned with most of his army to pick the
next Great Khan (as was the custom).
His remaining forces were attacked by the Mamluks,
who gave the Mongols their 1st major defeat, and
continued to push them out of Syria, later that year.
Yet, Ghazan Khan, great-grandson of Hugalu, returned
with a huge army and pushed south, as far as Gaza, again.
Once again, circumstances made them turn back.
The Mamluks controled the South (1250-1517).
The North split into Anatolia (Turkey) and Persia (Iran).
Osman, founder of the Ottomans, who was Turkish and
Sunni (like the Mamluks), had a vision of a great empire in
1277. However, in 1402, they were defeated by Timur, from
Persia, which delayed their expansion into the Middle East.
The Ottoman Empire united the Middle East
and ruled both North and South from 1517-1919.
Mehmed II captured Constantinople and made it
their capital in 1455. That city had not been defeated
since it was built, by the Romans, in 330 AD.
Selim I had captured Syria and Palestine by 1516.
From there, he offered a deal to the Mamluks in Cairo,
perhaps because they were both Turkish and Sunni
(”own people” in vs.14 above). Details of the marriage are
scarce, perhaps because the deal didn’t go through
and Cairo was taken by force, anyway. [William Muir 1896]
By 1571, the Ottomans had established dominance
around the “coastlands of the Mediterranean” but then
they eased their ambitions for a while.
In 1656, the Koprulus became in charge of military affairs
and invaded Europe. The Ottomans were eventually beaten
and lost considerable territory, including Hungary.
In the 1800’s, the Ottomans initiated a defensive policy
but continued to lose territory on all fronts.
They were inadvertently swept into WWI, on the side of
Germany, and the Ottoman Empire was ‘seen no more’.
Page 10 (British Mandate 1919-1948+)
The British and French split the Middle East into
national boundaries and assigned leaders. The British
were instrumental in striking oil and got rich in Iraq
but most of the wells were nationalized in 1961.
In 1972, the last disputes were settled in intl. courts.
Page 11 ‘The Final Empire Begins’
(1979 Islamic Revolution)
Page 13 (final events before the rapture)
(Agreement with Iran)
Ayatollah Khomeini incited huge demonstrations that
eventually overran the Shah’s forces, even though he
was exiled to Paris. He was hailed as Supreme Leader
and revered as almost ‘divine’, but never royalty.
Saddam Hussein was “swept away” by the
U.S. in 2003, helping the Shiites take Iraq.
The U.S. lost influence (in the M.E.) by not firing
missiles at Assad but taking a Russian deal instead,
Sept-2013, helping the Shiites and Iran even more.
On Nov 24, 2013, the P5+1 (including America)
made an interim agreement with Iran to ease sanctions,
increasing Iran’s credibility as a regional power.
Update: The agreement was upheld on July 14, 2015
Page 12 “Current Events”
(ISIS invades Iraq)
On June 10, 2014, ISIS invaded Mosul and looted banks for
about $425 million, becoming the richest terrorist group in the
world because they were also selling oil. They declared a
caliphate, which had not been done since the Ottoman Empire.
(There had not been an Arab caliphate since the 13th century.)
They recruited new followers because they paid well. They had
big plans, but only for a ‘time’ (short while), because they began
losing territory in 2015.
(America’s Role Begins)
Start “Pending” Verses
Start “Post-Rapture” Verses
Page 15 (Initial Post-Rapture Events)
Page 16 (Rise of the Antichrist)
Page 17 (Identity of the Beast)
Page 18 (Kingdom of the Beast)
Page 19 (“end” of the 70th Seven)
Page 20 (Armageddon)
Daniel 11 - Explained
Condensed “one page” Commentary
New and ‘correct’ meaning of Daniel 11
Since Daniel 11 is the only chapter in the Bible that was ‘sealed until the time of the end’,
you would figure that the correct meaning would be discovered towards the ‘end’. Yet,
most people use at least part of Matthew Henry’s interpretation, which was published in 1706.
(see ‘past Daniel 11 theories’ - same page includes ‘end times today’ and ‘Turkey News’)
My interpretation breaks from the old at verse 4 and shows that Daniel 11 chronicles
every empire in the Middle East, from Daniel to Armageddon. To tell the truth, I hesitated
about making a ‘condensed commentary’ because it almost makes things too easy. Yet,
that’s my goal. One concern was that other commentaries give short, choppy descriptions
to hide their flaws. I have nothing to hide so I provide extensive details to show how each
empire leads to the next (individual pages). My interpretation doesn’t have any significant
gaps such as past theories. Each verse contains one or more keywords that link to each
empire, so even skeptics can’t deny that God has been controlling the Middle East all along.
In general, the verses span more time in the beginning and get more detailed towards
the end, as one would expect from a chapter that was ‘sealed until the time of the end’.
One important thing, about this interpretation, is that it shows that we are headed towards
the ‘abomination that causes desolation’, just like Jesus said. Actually, one can watch the
events happen, in the Middle east, right before their very eyes! (see current events)
The antichrist will start to emerge as leader of
the North and try to calm his followers.
The ‘wise’ are likely the ones who ran for the mountains
(the 144,000 Jews) or others who saw Jesus in the air.
The antichrist will deny what actually happened and
will even kill people who try to spread the truth.
Gentiles who were left behind will flock to Jerusalem
but they will be deemed ‘not sincere’ (no 2nd chance).
The 144,000 will be martyred or beheaded for not
taking the ‘mark of the beast’, which takes place about
mid-way through the tribulation, before the Bowl plagues.
Only the 144,000 Jews get a 2nd chance for heaven.
When you think about it, only a supernatural event,
such as the rapture, could cause the ‘antichrist’ to
abandon his god and religion.
The beast or antichrist will be successful so certain
things can take place, as explained in Revelation.
The antichrist will abandon Allah (the god of his fathers)
and show no regards for Jesus. Note: Read the end of Matt.
and you will see how women played an important role.
Verse 38 combines with Revelation to reveal the identity of
the ‘beast’ as Marduk, the patron god of Babylon, whom the
antichrist will worship after the rapture.
The final empire will grow by force and distribute
the acquired lands to those who accept Marduk.
Here, the “time of the end” is actually the ‘end of
the 70th Seven’ (about mid-way through tribulation)
because this huge war in Daniel 11 matches the
6th Trumpet war in Revelation. This is known
because it happens in conjunction with the two
witnesses being killed, who prophesy in Jerusalem
for 1260 days or 42-months.
At that time, the Shiites will defeat Egypt to unite
the North and South into the old Muslim empire,
such as in the 7th Century AD.
The 6th Bowl will dry up the Euphrates River
to make way for the kings from the East, who will
As a result, the ‘final empire’ will make his
temporary headquarters in Jerusalem but that’s
when Jesus destroys them at Armageddon,
which is the 7th Bowl.
Page 14 (the Abomination that causes Desolation)
Some ‘armed forces will rise up’, either terrorists or Israel’s
own police forces, which will somehow be a ‘desecration’ of
the Western Wall (temple fortress). It will somehow disrupt
the daily prayers (daily sacrifice) but it’s not clear how this will
take place. Then, they will set up the ‘abomination’, which is
a mystery but it’s the same one that Jesus mentions in
Matt 24:15, when He tells the Jews to run for the mountains.
At that same time, Christians are ‘gathered’ immediately
to heaven, which is the ‘rapture’, as noted by the same two
groups in Revelation 7. (see page on Matthew 24 for details)
I think this verse is related to verses 25 & 26 so the two kings
are Saudi Arabia and Turkey. On Sept 3, 2016, Erdogan and
Muhammad bin Salman sat at the same table, in a ‘sideline
meeting’, before the G20 meeting in Hangzhou, China.
Even though Iran had completed their requirements for the
nuclear agreement, Jan 2016, America was dragging their
feet on completing theirs. Rouhani addressed the breech
of contract during the UN General Assembly, Sep 22, 2016,
and also during a sideline meeting of the P5+1. The other 5
countries agreed and America vowed to correct the problem.
Also, on Aug 8, 2016, Israel was ordered to pay Iran
$1.2 billion, by Swiss courts, for an oil dispute from 1979.
The ‘action’ likely involves the proposed two-state solution.
The Houthis in Yemen went on the offensive by capturing a
hilltop in Saudi territory on Sept 11, 2016. A UAE ship in the
Red Sea was hit by missiles, Oct 1st. A Yemeni funeral was
bombed, Oct 8. Missiles were fired at a US Navy destroyer in
the Red Sea on Oct 9 and Oct 12. The US (western ships)
returned fire and destroyed 3 Yemeni radar sites, Oct 13.
Saudis wage war on Yemen
Saudi Arabia was very unhappy about Iran’s increased
involvement in Iraq and Syria and demanded that they
stop meddling in Arab affairs. Of course, Iran was not
swayed in their endeavors and vowed to continue.
Saudi Arabia drew the line when the Shiite Houthis
overthrew the Yemen government, which was their ally.
Of course, Saudi Arabia thinks that Iran coerced the
Houthis so they waged war on Yemen in March 2015.
Even though Saudi Arabia’s military is very powerful,
compared to the Houthis, they have yet to re-instate
their ally, Hadi, as president, and they are criticized for
creating a humanitarian disaster in Yemen.
Attempted Coup (Turkey)
On July 15, 2016, there was an attempted coup in
Turkey that had profound effects on Middle East relations.
Erdogan was already patching relations with Putin in
Russia and changing his stance on Assad in Syria, which
could have been the cause. However, it failed and
backfired because it caused Erdogan to become even
closer to Russia and Iran, and farther from the West and
Saudi Arabia, who were slow in their condemnation and
even rumored to have known about it ahead of time. The
coup was ‘swept away’ in hours and over 200 were killed.
available for printing
PDF (4 pages)
Scripture taken from the HOLY BIBLE, NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION. Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984 by
International Bible Society. Used by permission of Zondervan Publishing House.
© Copyright 2010 - 2016 All rights reserved.
‘Matthew 24’ Explained
(must match Revelation)
The ‘Seals’ Explained
(Revelation timeline revealed)
Seven Churches Explained
(Past & Present Church Prophecy)
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Here are some that are not listed above:
‘Homepage’ gives 3 simple steps + timelines + summary.
Meaning of 666
(God’s Timeline of 37’s)