Scripture taken from the HOLY BIBLE, NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION. Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984 by International Bible Society.  Used by permission of Zondervan Publishing House. © Copyright 2010 All rights reserved. The Abomination that causes Desolation Daniel 11:31  His armed forces will rise up to desecrate the temple fortress and will abolish the daily sacrifice. Then they will set up the abomination that causes desolation.      This is the same ‘abomination’ that Jesus referred to in Matthew 24, preceding His appearance in the clouds to gather His elect.  Thus, it’s probably the most important verse in Daniel 11 but it’s not a sign to watch for.  That’s because the rapture happens almost immediately after the abomination (within half an hour), as explained in the 7th Seal. (see “Matthew 24” page).      The ‘rapture’ will come as a surprise because the ‘desecration’ and ‘abomination’ will come as a surprise, as most terrorist’s attacks do.  “None of the wicked will understand but those who are wise will understand.” (Daniel 12:10)  Since God has ‘unsealed’ Daniel 11, Christians can watch the events unfold and know that the time is near, just like the Parable of the Ten Virgins.  Of course, I think the ‘virgins’ are ‘new believers’ that see these signs, during end times, and believe for a while but unfortunately; about half are not sincere and get shut out anyway. (Matthew 25: 1-13 Again, I don’t think it’s talking about all Christians but it goes to show that just knowing about God is not the same as having a personal relationship.  In other words, while watching the signs from Daniel 11 take place, don’t forget to learn about Jesus, who made all this possible.  Part 1: “His armed forces will rise up”      Accompanying the abomination will be an ‘armed uprising’ that “desecrates the temple fortress” and “abolishes the daily sacrifice” sitemap “Peace Talks” to the “Abomination” (Final events before the Rapture) (*continued from: “current events”.)
Wahabi-Zionist onslaught on humanity Press TV [Iranian] – January 30, 2014 Quote: The powerful military wings of Wahabism i.e. al-Qaeda and Talban were created and funded to bring about bigger political changes in the Muslim World.  Saudi grown wild animals have been butchering Shia Muslims, killing innocent children and women in the name of Islam. Wahabism patronizes Zionism. They are sister ideologies. One has control over petroleum and the other has control over banking. One has control over the place holiest for Muslims and the other has  control over the place equally holy for Muslims, Christians and Jews. One is loaded with throat cutting and flesh eating cannibal Jihadists, the other is loaded with thermal, chemical and atomic bombs.       Israel’s role in ‘End Times’ ... increases Daniel 11:28   The king of the North will return to his own country with great wealth, but his heart will be set against the holy covenant.  He will take action against it and then return to his own country.   Daniel 11:27   The two kings, with their hearts bent on evil, will sit at the same table and lie to each other, but to no avail, because an end will still come at the appointed time.     After the ‘South’ (Sunni) attack the ‘North’ (Shiite), in verses 25-26 (previous page), they “sit at the same table and lie to each other”.  Obviously, in this day and age, that means “peace talks” but it must have sounded pretty strange to Daniel.  That’s because, in ancient times, kings would not fight a bloody battle and then stop to talk.  They would usually kill or capture the opposing king and take their territory.  Nevertheless, the verse sounds perfectly normal to us because it was meant for our generation, not his.  These particular talks must involve Iran for the North and most likely Saudi Arabia or Egypt for the South (see previous verse for details).  It’s best to leave it slightly vague, for now, but it will become obvious when it starts happening.  
    The ‘holy covenant’ is Israel’s possession  of Jerusalem and Palestine, which Iran hates.      This verse is equally characteristic of ‘modern times’ because: when has a ‘king’ ever defended against an attack from one party but been more angry at another?       Yet, that sounds exactly like Iran, concerning Israel, because they regularly group Saudi Arabia and Wahabism with Israel or the West, as shown in this article.      It’s particularly cringing to see them refer to the Temple Mount because that’s where the ‘abomination’ will be ‘set up’ in verse 31.      As the rapture gets closer, the hatred will increase dramatically and the Shiites will rally everyone against Israel (forsake the holy covenant).  Reports suggest that the Palestinians are already winning the ‘propaganda war’, even in the Western media (right).  When the time is right, the hatred will reach a peak and someone will be inspired to set up the ‘abomination that causes desolation’.  Images of Gaza war shift perception of Israel Al Monitor [free media USA] – July 18, 2014 Quote: The fact remains that this is one of the rare instances of the Western media showing a darker side of Israelis that few have ever seen.   War is ugly and criminal by its nature, and the current one in Gaza is completely one-sided. Hamas: Qassam Brigades yet to use full force Daily Star [Lebanon] – July 22, 2014 Quote: Calling for solidarity with Gaza … Popular marches rallied from mosques in the city of Sidon [Lebanon] to a sit-in held at the southern city’s Martyrs' Square. The protesters lifted Palestinian and Hamas flags  and cut-outs of Qassam Brigades rockets.      The ‘abomination’ is one of God’s little ‘mysteries’.  Jesus identified it as the ‘last sign’ before the rapture but the Bible never says exactly ‘what’ it is.  That’s because it doesn’t matter.  I mean: if you go to the Book of Daniel, like Jesus said, all the clues point to ‘when’ it is, not ‘what’ it is.  Apparently, that’s what God wants us to know.      For example, three chapters in the Book of Daniel contain specific milestones surrounding the abomination that, when put together, form a timeline that matches Revelation.  More specifically, Daniel contains references to the 1290, 1335, and 2300-days after the abomination, not to mention the 70th Seven, in which the abomination lands in the ‘middle’ Revelation compliments Daniel because it contains many events that take place during ‘42-months’ or ‘1260-days’, thus matching the ‘last half’ of the 70th Seven.  In other words, the verses between the ‘abomination’ and ‘end’, in Daniel 11, match the chapters between the ‘6th Seal’ and ‘Armageddon’, in Revelation.  Everything concerning the timeline makes perfect sense when Daniel 11 and the Seals are correctly interpreted but the Bible gives no indication of exactly ‘what’ the abomination is.  That’s because Jesus was giving clues to the ‘timing’ of the rapture, not the specific object that is set up, which is still secret. What about a guess?     Since there are so many conspiracy theories about the abomination, I am compelled to offer a logical answer based on Daniel 11 and current events.  Basically, an ‘abomination’ is something ‘hated by God’.  It has to be something small enough that can be ‘set up’ on the ‘Temple Mount’ during an ‘armed uprising’.  Yet, size is not important, in this case, because it will be the symbolism of the object that God will hate.      So what could be so small but still represent something so ‘hated by God’?  Since we know that it occurs on the Temple Mount, it probably involves Israel’s prophecy from God.  Well, God’s prophecy to Jeremiah was that Israel would become one nation, in land of their forefathers, which happened in 1948.  Jerusalem was united in the 1967 war that lasted just 6 days, much like creation, so it stands to reason that God had a hand in that too.  One of Hamas’ primary demands is that East Jerusalem be returned to the Palestinians but Israel says that will never happen because Jerusalem is their eternal capital.  Since the Temple Mount is located in East Jerusalem, it stands to reason that the ‘abomination’ could be a simple ‘flag’, representing the ‘conquest’ of that area, which would be ‘hated’ by God.       To illustrate how plausible the above theory is, consider the fact that a group in Lebanon spontaneously raised ‘flags’, during a ‘sit-in’ for solidarity with Gaza.     If future protests become armed in the West Bank and people start raising flags, that might be all it takes.  Conclusion:    Even though the ones ‘setting it up’ will be unaware of the significance, it will still be an ‘abomination’ to God.  The subsequent earthquake, during the 6th Seal and rapture, will ‘cause the desolation’.  Since terrorist attacks are usually a ‘surprise’ and the culprits won’t even know what they’re doing, the ‘rapture’ will come as a surprise also, just as the Bible says.  (Yet, those who are watching the signs in Daniel 11 won’t be in the dark.)  Paul said, “But you, brothers, are not in darkness that this day should surprise you like a thief.” (1 Thess. 5:4) Partial timeline showing ‘abomination’ click to enlarge Timeline of end times according to the abomination in Daniel Ayatollah Khamenei calls for armed struggle in West Bank Al Monitor [Independent USA] – July 24, 2014 Quote: [Ayatollah speaking of Israel] "If God willing, it is eradicated, even better, but while this fraudulent regime is there and not eradicated, what’s the cure?  The cure is a strong and armed resistance against this regime. In confronting the Zionist regime, strength needs to be shown from the direction of the Palestinians. 'Day of Rage' Protests Erupt in Jerusalem and the West Bank NBC News [USA] – July 25, 2014 Quote: Confrontations between Palestinians and police erupted in East Jerusalem's Wadi al-Joz neighborhood after Friday prayers during a protest to show solidarity with people in the Gaza Strip. Violence flared at Kalandiya checkpoint north of Jerusalem as Israeli security forces clashed with demonstrators trying to march to Jerusalem.  Iran and Hamas: Part 2:        So, ‘what’ is the abomination?  (Or should I say ‘when’?) Ambassador: Iranian aid to Lebanese Army has no strings attached Daily Star [Lebanon] – October 13, 2014 Quote: “Therefore, we consider it is our duty to stand by Lebanon, just like [Iran] stands by the countries that belong to the axis of resistance and opposition.    Clearly, Iran is not afraid to ‘show favor’ to those who share the values of the ‘axis of resistance’.  However, in reality, the opposition is not just against ISIS but against Israel’s possession of Palestine.  Updated: 2-06-2015 Related page: Salvation to Maturity (a simple guide)     The threat of naval force will cause the Shiites to “lose heart” or ‘change their mind’.  *Note that nothing is said about “bloodshed” or “falling in battle”, in this verse, so there’s probably no actual warfare at this time.   Propaganda war against Israel     However, in their frustration, the Shiites will “vent their fury against the holy covenant” On top of that, they will “show favor to those who forsake the holy covenant”.    Increased hatred toward Israel   + America’s role as ‘deterrence’ returns Daniel 11: 29-30  At the appointed time he will invade the South again, but this time the outcome will be different from what it was before. (30) Ships of the western coastlands will oppose him, and he will lose heart. Then he will turn back and vent his fury against the holy covenant. He will return and show favor to those who forsake the holy covenant. The appointed time:     “The appointed time” will be controlled by God because we will be getting close to the middle of the 70th seven’, which is when the ‘abomination’ is set up, as noted in Daniel 9:27.  In other words, God not only controls what will happen, but He controls when too.      Notice that the verse says ‘invade the South again’ but the South attacked first in verse 25.  However, the terminology is correct because Iran would certainly defend itself with a counter-attack if the GCC countries launched a surprise offensive.  “ships of the western coastlands will oppose him”     Note that the term “coastlands” was used in verse 18 to refer to areas around the Mediterranean.  Therefore, it probably refers to NATO countries from the West, such as the United States and Great Britain, who just happen to have ships already in the Mediterranean and Persian Gulf.  This verse is characteristic of the current situation in the Middle East because America’s ‘no boots on the ground’ mentality has made it’s main deterrence: “ships”.    This article is from the ‘non-incident’ that completed verse 22 but it explains that the U.S. has 3 ships permanently stationed in the Mediterranean.  It also shows that that number can be increased in a short period of time.    Bahrain is situated in the heart of the Persian Gulf, which has the best exposure to Iran’s southern border.  Bahrain is home to America’s 5th fleet and Britain is adding to their base as well. Sixth U.S. ship now in eastern Mediterranean 'as precaution' Reuters [UK] – August 30, 2013 Quote: The U.S. Navy generally keeps three destroyers in the Mediterranean, but kept two additional destroyers there at the end of their deployments as the situation evolved in Syria over the past week. Britain to build permanent navy base in Bahrain Channel4 News [UK] – December 6, 2014 Quotes: Britain already has four minehunters permanently based at the Mina Salman Port in the small Arabian Gulf kingdom.  The kingdom already hosts the US Navy's 5th Fleet and is a member of the coalition formed to attack Islamic State forces in Iraq and Syria. The Seals *our current place in Revelation’s Timeline Rapture Timing *abomination in Daniel 9:27 (must match Daniel 11 also) Current Events *our current place in Daniel 11 - heading towards the Abomination Other pages of interest:     This is a comprehensive article on Hamas and their allegiances, especially since the Arab Spring of 2011.  In a nut shell, Hamas had a good relationship with Iran, prior to the Arab Spring, but took sides against Assad, in Syria.  Hamas also had a good relationship with the Muslim Brotherhood, in Egypt, which was coincidently trying to warm ties with Iran, but all that crumbled when President Morsi was overthrown by the Egyptian military and now President Sisi.  In fact, Hamas was declared a terrorist organization by Sisi, due to their connection to the Muslim Brotherhood.  Therefore, Hamas is once again an ally of Iran, complete with a tolerance of Assad, in Syria.     This turn of events follows Daniel 11 because Hamas or other Palestinians are good candidates to set up the ‘abomination’, on the Temple Mount, and now they are a firm ally to the North, again. (See verse 25 for more about the Muslim Brotherhood.)  Mending ‘axis of resistance’: Hamas goes back to square one  Middle East Eye [independent] – February 9, 2015 Quote: Initially, the Arab Spring in 2011 brought ample promise, before it dealt the whole region a massive blow. It wrought war and other bloody conflicts, but also unprecedented political and sectarian polarization. The upheaval in Egypt complicated things further for Hamas. When Morsi was overthrown, Sisi’s backers unleashed a massive war on the Muslim Brotherhood and anyone affiliated with them, Hamas included. Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu found an opportunity to deliver a final blow to Hamas as he hit Gaza with unmatched brutality. … A donors’ conference in Cairo last year pledged to rebuild Gaza, but few have delivered. … And as the PA in Ramallah lazily ponders its return to Gaza, Hamas has begun looking to Tehran for help. Post-Rapture Timeline Pages: (Daniel 11 combined with Revelation 8-19) [Note: 2, 3. & 4 are ‘extra’ info] 1. Tribulation ‘Initial’ Events (Daniel 11: 32-35) 2. Rise of Antichrist (Daniel 11:36) 5. Tribulation ‘Middle’ Events (Daniel 11: 40-43) 6. Tribulation ‘Final’ Events     (Daniel 11: 44-45) 3. Who is the Beast? (Daniel 11: 37-38)  4. Kingdom of the Beast (Daniel 11:39) 8. Battle with gog & magog    (Ezekiel 37 & Revelation 20) 7. Jesus’ 1000-Year Reign (Revelation 20)     Other Post-Rapture Pages   (note: the ‘two witnesses’ and ‘144,000’ are in 1 & 5 also) The Two Witnesses (Revelation 11)  Man of Lawlessness (2 Thess. 2)         Chronology of Daniel 12               Third Jewish Temple? The Trumpet Call vs. The Trumpet Plagues    For a Biblical perspective on the historical and current relationship between Christianity & Judaism, see: The Seven Churches Past & Present Church Prophecy (Revelation 2-3) Updated: 4-22-2015    This source acknowledges that ‘peace in the Middle East’ can only be achieved though reconciliation of Iran and Saudi Arabia.  However, in reading the article, it’s obvious that the animosity goes back centuries and probably won’t disappear over-night.  In fact, tensions may have been stoked, during the last few decades, to a point that cannot be reversed.     Thus, if something should happen that placed Iran and Saudi Arabia in the same ‘peace talks’, such as an attack by the South (previous verse), chances are that they would lie to each other, which is exactly what Daniel 11 says.  A Saudi-Iranian grand bargain  [UK - indep.] – February 19, 2015 Quote: In the 1980s, the west sought the KSA's [Kingdom of Saudi Arabia’s] assistance in countering the export of the Iranian revolution and in repulsing the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan.  The perception of Shia, and by extension of Iranians, as kuffar (apostates, non-believers) became so embedded in militant religious preaching  broadcast to millions via dedicated satellite channels, that Arab leaders in general and Saudi leaders in particular became its hostage, complicating any political accommodation with the IRI [Islamic Republic of Iran]. Absent such a grand bargain [between Iran & Saudi Arabia], Syria's civil war and its destructive aftermath would be a dress rehearsal to the civil and religious strife that could engulf the Middle East and extend to Asian countries with militant Sunni and Shia populations harbouring grievances. What are the chances of real peace?    Note that Asian countries, such as Afghanistan and Pakistan, are in the ten-nation ECO with Iran.            Israeli Election – March 17th, 2015    As I expected, Netanyahu won the election but the details of the campaign made the victory so much sweeter, as far as Daniel 11 goes.  First, his opposition to the Iran nuclear negotiations did not gain him any popularity.  In fact, polls showed that he had fallen behind in weeks following his speech to Congress.  That inspired him to play the “no Palestinian state” card, which proved to be much more popular among Israelis.  However, it could be seen as a final dissolution of the peace process, which has gone on for decades.  Of course, that could spark retaliation in the form of an armed uprising, just as verse 31 stipulates.  It amazes me how God works out the details in the Middle East to follow Daniel 11, even better than expected, but everything still looks natural to the outside world.    Updated: 3-18-2015    One example that shows how an ‘uprising’ can be spontaneously initiated happened on al-Quds Day (or Jerusalem Day), 2014.  Tensions rose in July when three Israeli teenagers were found murdered and a Palestinian boy was murdered soon after.  That lead to a barrage of rockets fired by Hamas into Israel.  The Supreme Leader of Iran, and possibly other clerics, called for demonstrations, during Friday prayers, in support for Gaza, and the residents of Lebanon and the West Bank responded.     Note: The protestors were not armed, this time, but the Ayatollah encourages the use of weapons. Reorganized:  02-27-2015 “desecrate the temple fortress”     Some people think that Israel has to build a third temple and initiate animal sacrifices, for this to happen, but that’s not the case.  A ‘temple fortress’ is not necessarily a ‘temple’ On the contrary, I think it refers to the Western Wall because a wall is part of a fortress, and it happens to be the holiest site in Judaism.  Thus, motivation to desecrate it would be hatred or revenge for Israel’s occupation of Palestine.  ISIS propaganda concerning Israel     ISIS is not necessarily the North or the South because they are the “provinces”, which get invaded in verse 24.  That invasion is currently underway but it might take some time to get to Mosul and take the city.  They may just take that loss as a sign of the ‘end’ and stage an attack on Israel, which is what the founder of ISIS, Zarqawi, has predicted. Plus, since ISIS and Hamas are both Sunni, they wouldn’t be waiting for the Mahdi before making a move like the Shiites might. (see Antichrist page for explanation) Islamic State 'destroys ancient Iraq statues in Mosul' BBC [UK] – February 26, 2015  (includes video = 3:01) Quote:  One of the militants in the video describes the artefacts as "false idols" and seeks to justify their destruction in religious terms. “abolish the daily sacrifice”     Actually, if someone managed to desecrate the Western Wall, I think this part could be accomplished by association.  That’s because I believe the ‘daily sacrifice’ is the ‘daily prayer’ at the Western Wall, which Orthodox Jews perform everyday, without fail.  One example of the importance of daily prayers was when the Israeli government refused to block the Wall, except for a short time, while Pope Benedict visited, in 2009.  When you think about it, if someone could desecrate the Western Wall in such a way that stops the Jews from praying there, at least for a short time, this verse would be satisfied (no Temple required).  A Little History      Some might think the Temple Mount would be impenetrable, considering the strength of Israeli military, but it has vulnerability, too.  Muslims call it the Holy Sanctuary because it contains the Dome of the Rock and Al Aqsa Mosque.  After the war in 1967, Israel could have destroyed those monuments but instead, they gave administrative control to the Waqf, a Muslim charitable trust, supervised by the Palestinians or Jordan.  Therefore, the Muslims have some degree of access to the Temple Mount, even though Israel can restrict access in times of trouble.  However, the last time it was closed, even for one day, following the assassination attempt on a prominent ‘prayer rights’ activist, Rabbi Yehuda Glick, on October 29, 2014, Palestinian President Abbas called it an “act of war” (Prior to that, it had not been closed since Areal Sharon visited in Sept 2000.)  Therefore, Israel cannot realistically close the Temple Mount to Muslims, for a long period of time.  Updated: 3-11-2015    Personally, I don’t think Iran would try to stop ISIS from attacking Jerusalem, even after defeating them in Mosul.  They may even embrace them into the ‘axis of resistance’ if they could turn them against Israel - “show favor to those who forsake the holy covenant” (verse 30 above).  Recent events in Mosul show that ISIS would probably love to desecrate the Western Wall because people pray to it like an idol.     First of all, that sounds eerily similar to Luke 21:20, which says, “When you see Jerusalem being surrounded by armies, you will know that its desolation is near.”  Plus, ISIS is reported to have a group in Sinai, south of Israel, too.     I learned where the propaganda came from when I caught a brief explanation from Paul Cruickshank, another author and terrorism analyst, who was commenting on another recent ISIS video. (right) He says, “The founder, Zarqawi, said that after they built up the group in Iraq, in the region, that they would want to destroy Israel.”      I learned the ISIS plans for the apocalypse from Graeme Wood, a political science lecturer at Yale and author of a recent article in The Atlantic, who made a statement on CNN’s Fareed Zarkaria, February 22, 2015, about 18 minutes into the show. (right)     He said, “ISIS believes that it’s foretold that the armies of Islam will eventually rally around Jerusalem, after being defeated, actually. So they believe, after conquering a large area of land, they will be reduced to a core of 5000 fighters around Jerusalem.” 
CNN  02-22-2015 / length = 1:11 CNN  3-11-2015 / length = 20 sec. Hard-right shift delivers upset election win for Netanyahu Reuters [UK] – March 18, 2015 Quote: From the Palestinian point-of-view, the results are a deep concern, raising the prospect of more settlement expansion on land they want for their own state in the occupied West Bank and East Jerusalem, as well as in Gaza. The Palestinians may quickly create problems for Netanyahu as they will formally become members of the International Criminal Court on April 1 and have said they will pursue war crimes charges against Israel over its 48-year occupation of the West Bank and last year's war in Gaza. Pre-empting those steps, Israel has suspended the transfer of tax revenue it collects on the Palestinians' behalf, holding back around $120 million a month. That has crippled the Palestinian budget and led to deep pay cuts for public sector workers.     Just like clock-work, a grand debate has broke out between Israelis and Palestinians concerning prayer on the Temple Mount.  So far, President Netanyahu has pledged to keep the status quo, which means non-Muslins can’t pray on the Temple Mount.  Israeli Judge Rules Jews Must be “Allowed to Pray on Temple Mount” Breaking Israel News – March 5, 2015 Quote: In a historic ruling, a Jerusalem magistrate court has allowed for the first time ever Jewish prayer on the Temple Mount. … [Judge Malka Aviv] wrote in her brief that “police must make sure that Jews are allowed to pray on the Temple Mount.”    However, a recent court ruling has made it legal. (right)  Yet, in reality, many report that police were enforcing the old rules of ‘no swaying or lips moving’ so they question if anything has really changed. Jewish hate preacher issues ruling for prayers inside Al-Aqsa Middle East Monitor [Palestinian] – March 12, 2015 Quote: An extreme right-wing Jewish hate preacher has issued a ruling which urges Jews to hold their prayers inside Al-Aqsa Mosque. Following Lior's ruling, another extremist, Rabbi Jacob Heydimann, performed the Purim prayer inside the mosque compound with police protection. The mosque guards were removed by the Israeli police. The latest declaration encourages extremist Jewish groups who have increased their calls to enter Al-Aqsa by force and hold more prayers within the Noble Sanctuary.     On the other hand, it seems that police took special efforts to allow one particular Rabbi to pray in the al-Asqa compound.  It sounds like one Rabbi is urging Jews to pray in the al-Asqa Mosque but I don’t think they went that far yet.     Since Netanyahu had other issues to deal with, during the election, it will be interesting to see what direction the police take in the coming weeks. Updated: 3-18-2015 Video interview:    This video is longer than most I post but it’s very interesting because they point out the vast changes in the last 20-years and how Saudi Arabia is feeling threatened by Iran.  They also point out that peace talks between the two major powers, Iran and Saudi Arabia, is the only way to solve the current crisis, where every Middle Eastern country, except Oman, is now involved in some kind of war.  That seems appropriate since Gabriel said, “The end will come like a flood -wars will continue until the end and desolations have been decreed.” (Dan. 9:26)   What’s driving Saudi air strikes in Yemen?  PBS News [USA] – March 26, 2015   (video interview = 7:30m)      Note: The reason I report on the progress and possibilities for all the verses, at the same time, is that nothing in reality happens instantly.  Each verse has its own preparation  (like God moving His chess pieces).  If the end is going to “come like a flood”, as Gabriel said, everything must be lined-up like dominoes so they can fall fast.  I don’t know when  that will happen but things are certainly lined-up as God indicated they would be.   GCC takes the initiative Gulf News – April 19, 2015 The Pakistani Parliament decided to only send troops if Saudi territory was threatened by Yemeni forces, leaving the Saudis and the UAE astonished at such a betrayal.     So far Pakistan has elected to stay out of the GCC’s declaration of war on the Houthis, even though Saudi Arabia has given them much support and money in the past.  On the other hand, Pakistan is about 30% Shiite and shares a border with Iran.  *Note: this was the 1st day Saudi air-strikes began.