Scripture taken from the HOLY BIBLE, NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION. Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984 by International Bible Society.  Used by permission of Zondervan Publishing House. © Copyright 2010 - 2022   All rights reserved. Daniel 11 Explained (condensed ‘one page’ commentary) ‘Matthew 24’ Explained (must match Revelation) The ‘Seals’ Explained (Revelation timeline revealed) Seven Churches Explained (Past & Present Church Prophecy) Note: ‘Sitemap’ shows a complete list of all pages (by category). ‘Homepage’ gives 3 simple steps + timelines + summary. Current Events from Daniel 11 (matching the Middle East) The Abomination (Daniel 11:31) done Recent Events ISIS - Saudi - Turkey (Daniel 11: 24-27) Final Events to the Abomination (Daniel 11: 28-30) Shiites re-take Persia + America’s Role Begins (Daniel 11: 21-23) soon done done Russia in End Times Bible Prophecy Daniel 2 – The Iron and Clay   I’ve been saying for over a decade that Russia is mentioned in Biblical end times prophecy, but not as most people think.  That’s because I believe the combination of Russia and Iran is the 4th kingdom of “iron and clay” in Daniel 2:40-43.  In fact, that was one of the first discoveries that God allowed me to uncover, which I wrote about in 2010.  Russia and Iran were not even that close, at the time, but have since become much closer.  Recent developments such as the Russian invasion of Ukraine has not deterred Iran’s friendship and has only strengthened my belief that Russia is the “iron” in Daniel’s prophecy of the “iron and clay.”  Daniel 2:40-44   [Iron and Clay] 40 Finally, there will be a fourth kingdom, strong as iron-for iron breaks and smashes everything-and as iron breaks things to pieces, so it will crush and break all the others. 41 Just as you saw that the feet and toes were partly of baked clay and partly of iron, so this will be a divided kingdom; yet it will have some of the strength of iron in it, even as you saw iron mixed with clay. 42 As the toes were partly iron and partly clay, so this kingdom will be partly strong and partly brittle. 43 And just as you saw the iron mixed with baked clay, so the people will be a mixture and will not remain united, any more than iron mixes with clay.  44 "In the time of those kings, the God of heaven will set up a kingdom that will never be destroyed, nor will it be left to another people. It will crush all those kingdoms and bring them to an end, but it will itself endure forever.   First, I think the widely accepted interpretation that is included in the NIV study notes is obviously wrong because they interpret the 4th kingdom to be the Romans in Jesus’ time.  Yet, that doesn’t explain the clay.  Granted, Jesus is obviously the Rock whose kingdom will endure forever, but previous interpretations assume that this is speaking of a spiritual kingdom, presumably Christians, I guess.  Yet, neither Jesus nor the future Christians crushed the Romans or brought them to an end, as the passage says.  On the contrary, the Western Roman Empire eventually became Christian and was finally brought to an end, in 476 AD, by Germanic invaders who were pagan.  Similarly, the Eastern Roman Empire, commonly called Byzantium (also Christians), lasted until 1453 and was finally defeated by the Ottomans who were Muslim.  Therefore, the ancient Romans do not fit the prophecy of the ‘iron and clay’ nor were they “crushed” or ‘brought to end’ by Jesus and the future Christians.    Granted, Daniel’s interpretation starts with Nebuchadnezzar as the ‘head of gold’, but I think the 4th kingdom is obviously during end times and Jesus’ 1000-year reign will start the kingdom that will ultimately endure forever (with a new heaven and new earth of course).  Note: I think the 2nd and 3rd kingdoms are too vague to interpret with certainty, so I’ll refrain from giving an opinion on those.  Generally, I think the emphasis is on the 4th kingdom, since the Rock strikes the feet of ‘iron and clay’ (v34), so the 2nd and 3rd kingdoms are not that important to me.  Daniel 7 – The Bear with ‘large iron teeth’   Russia is also featured in Daniel 7’s timeline, along with Iran, which seems to start in modern times.  Daniel 7 is the first of Daniel visions and the only one that doesn’t contain the abomination.  Yet, it contains some other important information.  Note: I give a more complete interpretation of Daniel 7 on another page, above the ‘iron and clay’ section, but here is a quick summary.  Russia is featured in verses 5 and 7, below.  Daniel 7:2-8 2 Daniel said: "In my vision at night I looked, and there before me were the four winds of heaven churning up the great sea. 3 Four great beasts, each different from the others, came up out of the sea. 4 "The first was like a lion, and it had the wings of an eagle. I watched until its wings were torn off and it was lifted from the ground so that it stood on two feet like a man, and the heart of a man was given to it. 5 "And there before me was a second beast, which looked like a bear. It was raised up on one of its sides, and it had three ribs in its mouth between its teeth. It was told, 'Get up and eat your fill of flesh!'  6 "After that, I looked, and there before me was another beast, one that looked like a leopard. And on its back it had four wings like those of a bird. This beast had four heads, and it was given authority to rule. 7 "After that, in my vision at night I looked, and there before me was a fourth beast- terrifying and frightening and very powerful. It had large iron teeth; it crushed and devoured its victims and trampled underfoot whatever was left. It was different from all the former beasts, and it had ten horns. 8 "While I was thinking about the horns, there before me was another horn, a little one, which came up among them; and three of the first horns were uprooted before it. This horn had eyes like the eyes of a man and a mouth that spoke boastfully.   Notice that all four beasts come out of the sea (v2), which is similar to the first beast in Revelation 13, which also comes out of the sea and has 10-horns, which matchs the 10-horned beast in Daniel 7:7.  The 10-horned beast, in Rev 13, is clearly post-rapture because the multitude of Christians are in heaven in Rev 7.  Therefore, even though the abomination is not specifically mentioned in Daniel 7, the rapture must take place between verses 6 and 7, before the 10-horned beast is fully formed.  Therefore, the timeline of the four beasts, in Daniel 7, is just a more detailed start for Revelation 13, elaborating on some things that must take place before the 10-horned beast is formed.    As I’ve said before, almost nothing in reality happens instantly, so what we are witnessing in Ukraine is the very beginning of the 10-horned beast, like the tip of the iceberg.  More specifically, the Russian invasion of Ukraine is the “large iron teeth” practicing its crushing, devouring, and trampling, which it will use even more after the rapture.    Like I said, Russia is also mentioned in Daniel 7:5, but in my opinion, verses 2-6 have already been fulfilled, which means we are currently between verses 6 and 7, when the rapture is due to happen.  That coincides with Daniel 11’s timeline where we find ourselves between verses 30 and 31, with the abomination happening in Daniel 11:31.  That coincides with the Seals, in Revelation 6, where we currently reside between Seals 5 and 6, with the 6th Seal being the rapture.  I’m just pointing out that God has several timelines, each with different clues or events, which are all happening at the same time.  Yet, everything makes perfect sense, together, if you understand Daniel and Revelation correctly.  Sadly, few people understand correctly, probably because Daniel 11 was ‘sealed until the time of the end’. (Dan 12:4)  However, God never said it would be sealed forever, so He has graciously allowed a nobody like me to uncover the real meaning of Daniel 11, along with the Seals and some other things, which shows how everything makes sense together.  In other words, God wanted His plan to be known, but not until He was ready to reveal it.    Anyway, getting back to Daniel 7, I believe the “lion” in verse 2 describes Iran, following the Islamic Revolution in 1979, which coincides with the start of the final empire, in Daniel 11:21, which also describes Iran.  The ‘wings being torn off’ vaguely describes the sanctions that Iran encountered after the revolution.  I think the nuclear deal, which temporarily cut sanctions, allowed Iran to ‘stand on its feet like a man’.  I think the ‘heart of a man’ was the moderate government of Rouhani and Zarif, which was largely responsible for the nuclear deal, but is no longer in power.  On a side note, the new president, Raisi, has been trying to strengthen ties to Russia, ever since he was elected, which also enforces my theory of the ‘iron and clay’.    In Daniel 7:5, Russia is the “bear” with “teeth” who stepped in to aid Assad and Iran against the Syrian rebels who were backed by Saudi Arabia, Turkey, and the West.  The bear had “three ribs in its mouth between its teeth,” which was Russia subduing Assad’s enemies and allowing the Shiites to stay in power.    In Daniel 7:6, Russia didn’t want to rule Syria, so they allowed the four-heads to rule, which is probably Iran, Iraq, Assad in Syria, and Hezbollah in Lebanon, which are all Shiite.  This was a critical part of end times prophecy because, without Russia, the Middle East would have been a much different place by now.  Yet, this is the way it was supposed to be, since God is ultimately in control.  Note: The other way would have been much worse because the Syrian rebels were part of Al Qaeda.  Russia allowed the Shiites to stay in power and Iran to gain a better foothold in Syria, Iraq, and Lebanon, which is important because Iran is the “king of the north,” starting in Daniel 11:21.  Therefore, Iran had to keep their influence in those countries, which once formed ancient Mesopotamia (northern Middle East), since all previous ‘kings of the north’ possessed ancient Mesopotamia. Currently, the four-heads continue to rule. [see empire details in condensed commentary of Daniel 11 w/links to individual pages]   In Daniel 7:7, notice that the 10-horns are mentioned at the very end.  That’s because the 10-horns are a match for the post-rapture beast in Rev 13.  Obviously, we’re not there yet, but I think we are seeing a prelude to the “large iron teeth,” which ‘crushes, devours, and tramples it’s victims’.  I mean, not since WWII has a country attacked another country like Russia has done.  Unfortunately, even though the War in Ukraine is tragic, I think it was necessary regarding end times.  I mean, Russia has hit some snags, but they are getting some real-world practice for the post-rapture, when they will crush, devour, and trample their victims in the Middle East (with help from the ‘king of the north’).    I included Daniel 7:8 because the “little horn” describes the antichrist who can’t rise to power until after the 10-horned beast has already formed, since he replaces three previous horns.  In other words, since the 10-horned beast, in Rev 13, is clearly post-rapture, the antichrist must also be post-rapture, since he rises to power after the 10-horns.  That agrees with Daniel 11 because the antichrist is described in Daniel 11:36, which is clearly after the abomination in Daniel 11:31.  Also notice that the antichrist in Daniel 7:8 (’little horn’ with eyes and mouth) matches the “mouth” in Rev 13:5, who also comes after the 10-horns.    All that may sound confusing to some, since I’m mentioning multiple chapters and books, but I’m trying to illustrate that all God’s various timelines agree and we are at the same critical juncture in all of them.  Russia is NOT gog/magog   One incorrect interpretation, which has probably been around for a long time, is that Russia is gog and magog, in Ezekiel 38-39.  In fact, I just got another email, today, which repeated that false assumption.  I know it’s false because the war involving gog/magog, in Ezekiel 38-39, takes place after Jesus’ 1000-year reign on earth. (below)  In other words, Ezekiel 38-39 give ‘details’ of the war and Rev 20 gives the ‘timing’, but they are the same war.  I consider that a Biblical fact because gog/magog is not a common term.  Plus, fire comes down from heaven to defeat gog/magog, in Rev 20, which matches the burning sulfur coming down in Ezekiel 38:22. (below)  Rev 20:7-10 7 When the thousand years are over, Satan will be released from his prison 8 and will go out to deceive the nations in the four corners of the earth- Gog and Magog -to gather them for battle. In number they are like the sand on the seashore. 9 They marched across the breadth of the earth and surrounded the camp of God's people, the city he loves. But fire came down from heaven and devoured them. 10 And the devil, who deceived them, was thrown into the lake of burning sulfur, where the beast and the false prophet had been thrown. They will be tormented day and night for ever and ever. Ezekiel 38:22 22 I will execute judgment upon him with plague and bloodshed; I will pour down torrents of rain, hailstones and burning sulfur on him and on his troops and on the many nations with him.   Note: People also try to say that the gog/magog war in Ezekiel 38-39 is Armageddon, but that is also false.  Clearly, the gog/magog war is after Jesus’ 1000-year reign; the Bible says so. (Rev 20:7)  Armageddon is clearly before Jesus’ 1000-year reign because that’s when Jesus sets foot on earth and establishes His reign. (Zech 14:4-9)  Plus, Armageddon mentions hailstones, but not burning sulfur or fire like the gog/magog war.  Frankly, I don’t know how so many people could mis-interpret Ezekiel 38-39 and miss the connection with Rev 20:7 for all these years.     Personally, I think the reason the Bible uses gog/magog is that when Jesus is ruling, during His 1000-year reign, the national boundaries won’t matter so much, since Jesus will be ruling them all.  So, gog/magog is just another way of saying “four corners of the earth,” everyone.  Certainly, the current war in Ukraine doesn’t have anything to do with gog/magog because that war happens approximately 1000-years from now.      Current Events involving the Iron and Clay   Like I said, the invasion of Ukraine re-enforces my discovery of the ‘iron and clay’ because Russia is now acting like the “iron teeth,” which crushes, devours, and tramples its victims.  In addition, Russia has recently attempted to tie their own situation, involving sanctions, with those of Iran per the nuclear negotiations.  Personally, I think the current negotiations, which just paused their 8th round, were doomed from the start because certain differences were impossible to negotiate.  Yet, Russia’s last-minute appeal shows how important Russia thinks their relationship with Iran really is.  After all, they are the ‘iron and clay’.  What about China?  Could China be one of the 10-horns?   Another recent development is that China not only refused to condemn Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, but the foreign minister of China called their relationship with Russia “one of the most crucial bilateral relationships in the world.”  He also called Russia his country's “most important strategic partner.”  Perhaps that is because Russia and China were among the founding five members of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO), which now has eight members.  Other countries are involved at various levels such as observers, dialog partners, and guests.  In fact, Iran has long desired to join, but they were prevented because they were on sanctions.  However, on Sept 17, 2021, Iran was allowed to start the procedure to become a full member, which apparently takes some time, but they are very close.    My point is: The 10-horned beast could very well come from the SCO because the alliance includes security and military activities.  Years ago, I wrote that the 10-horned beast could be the ECO (Economic Cooperation Organization) because it has always had ten members and Iran was among its founders.  However, as the name implies, the ECO mainly covers economic cooperation, not military.  The SCO seems more likely, not just because it involves military cooperation, but it includes Russia and China.  The 10-horns could also be a new alliance that doesn’t currently exist, perhaps with elements from the SCO and others.  I just think the SCO will be involved somehow because the post-rapture beast will be huge in numbers.  Revelation 9:13-16  [6th Trumpet war] 13 The sixth angel sounded his trumpet, and I heard a voice coming from the horns of the golden altar that is before God. 14 It said to the sixth angel who had the trumpet, "Release the four angels who are bound at the great river Euphrates." 15 And the four angels who had been kept ready for this very hour and day and month and year were released to kill a third of mankind. 16 The number of the mounted troops was two hundred million. I heard their number. Revelation 13:4-5 4 Men worshiped the dragon because he had given authority to the beast, and they also worshiped the beast and asked, "Who is like the beast? Who can make war against him?"  5 The beast was given a mouth to utter proud words and blasphemies and to exercise his authority for forty-two months.   The “forty-two months” is the same as the 1260-days that the two witnesses prophesy (Rev 11:3), at which time the beast invades Israel and kills them. (Rev 11:7)  The beast invading Israel is the 6th Trumpet War, which is also when the antichrist kills the two witnesses and sets himself up in the new Temple that the two witnesses supervise building. The 6th  Trumpet war is also described in Daniel 11:40-43, which is after the antichrist reveals himself in Daniel 11:36, but before Armageddon in Daniel 11:44-45.  Everything makes perfect sense.    Anyway, the 6th Trumpet War involves two hundred million troops, which sounds almost impossible, but not when you consider that the SCO contains two of the most populated countries on earth: China and India.  The SCO also contains Russia, Pakistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan. (map left)  It sounds huge and powerful, considering four of the eight have nuclear weapons. Yet, like I said, the final list will change somewhat.  I’m certain Iran will be included, but that still only makes nine.  Regardless of the final list, I don’t think the 10-horned beast will have any problem coming up with two hundred million troops. Our current position in Daniel 7. Shangai Cooperation Orgaization (SCO) map credit: Firdavs Kulolov  -own work, wikipedia  (click map to enlarge) SCO Update on China’s response   There were reports on Sunday and Monday, March 13th and 14th, that Russia requested military equipment and other support from China, regarding the War in Ukraine.  Although there are conflicting reports on what exactly Russia asked for, or to what level China was willing to assist, but the intelligence led to a 2-hour phone call between Biden and Xi where the main issues were far from resolved.  On the contrary, Xi repeated some of Putin’s talking points such as NATO’s eastward expansion being a major cause for the war.    When presented with the possibility of crippling sanctions, Xi pushed back by saying, “The people will suffer if we impose comprehensive and indiscriminate sanctions. Further escalation will also trigger a serious crisis in global trade and economy, finance, energy, food, [and] industrial supply chains etc., which will add to the already difficult world economy and cause irreparable damage,” the Chinese Foreign Ministry readout of the call said.  It sounds like Xi is prepared to respond in kind to any threats or sanctions imposed on China, even to the point of another global recession.    Another sensitive area of disagreement between the US and China is the status of Taiwan.  Xi pointed out that that the previous US administration created a “predicament” that has not yet been resolved, but only added to.  In fact, former Secretary of State Mike Pompeo recently called for diplomatic recognition of Taiwan as a “free and sovereign country.”    Analysts believe that Xi’s reluctance to condemn Russia could be tied to China’s next election, later this year, where Xi could secure a third term and essentially a life appointment.  However, Xi’s possible life appointment is said to be based on his wisdom and infallibility.  Just prior to the Beijing Olympics, on February 4th, 2022, Xi announced that the Russia-China alliance had “no limits.”  Of course, that was before the Russian invasion of Ukraine.  Nevertheless, if Xi was to reverse course on that alliance, then it could be seen as a mistake and chip away at his perceived perfection.    Finally, I haven’t seen any media outlet comment on the fact that Russia and China were founding members of the SCO, which seems to be the Asian answer to NATO, but I think an abandonment of Russia’s request would send a negative message to the other members regarding the strength of China’s namesake alliance.  Granted, I think the SCO was created more for defensive purposes, not to support unprovoked aggression, but it would be problematic for China to be seen as siding with NATO over Russia, since the SCO is diametrically opposed to NATO’s eastward expansion. How will this affect a future conflict?   Regardless of China’s ultimate response to Russia’s invasion, I don’t think the SCO will suffer much of a setback in regards to the post-rapture.  I mean, when the time comes for the 6th  Trumpet War, the 10-horned beast from the North will not be making an unprovoked attack.  On the contrary, Daniel’s account of the same war points out that the South will attack first.  Daniel 11:40-43  [same as the 6th Trumpet War] 40 "At the time of the end the king of the South will engage him in battle, and the king of the North will storm out against him with chariots and cavalry and a great fleet of ships. He will invade many countries and sweep through them like a flood. 41 He will also invade the Beautiful Land. Many countries will fall, but Edom, Moab and the leaders of Ammon [Jordan] will be delivered from his hand. 42 He will extend his power over many countries; Egypt will not escape. 43 He will gain control of the treasures of gold and silver and all the riches of Egypt, with the Libyans and Nubians in submission.   In other words, the North will not start the 6th Trumpet War, but the 10-horned beast with large iron teeth will definitely finish it.   For clarification, the 6th Trumpet War is also when the antichrist will invade Israel (Beautiful Land) and kill the two witnesses, about 3.5 years after  the rapture.  So, regardless of the outcome in Ukraine, there is still plenty of time for the SCO to regroup and become stronger in the post-rapture tribulation.  - updated: 3-20-22 Updated: 3-20-2022