Scripture taken from the HOLY BIBLE, NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION. Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984 by International Bible Society.  Used by permission of Zondervan Publishing House. © Copyright 2010 - 2019   All rights reserved. The ‘Abomination that causes Desolation’ (Final event before the Rapture) Introduction / Overview of Importance   The ‘abomination that causes desolation’ is perhaps the single most important earthly event, during end times, because Jesus specifically mentioned it, when speaking to His disciples.  In other words, the abomination is the event that Jesus specifically said to watch for, at the time of His return (in the sky) or rapture of Christians.  He added two examples to illustrate the immediate urgency, when the abomination is set up, in the ‘holy place’ (Jerusalem).  Matthew 24:14-16; 21 “And this gospel of the kingdom will be preached in the whole world as a testimony to all nations, and then the end will come.  15 "So when you see standing in the holy place 'the abomination that causes desolation,' spoken of through the prophet Daniel - let the reader understand- then let those who are in Judea flee to the mountains.”  17 Let no one on the roof of his house go down to take anything out of the house.  18 Let no one in the field go back to get his cloak. … 21 “For then there will be great distress, unequaled from the beginning of the world until now - and never to be equaled again.”     Prior to this passage, Jesus gives several signs that are vaguer, but then addresses the ‘abomination’, from the Book of Daniel, as the final sign before the rapture.  That will bring the greatest distress upon the world, even more so than Armageddon, which is roughly 2300-days (78-months) after the rapture. (Daniel 8:13-14)  The 2300-days between the rapture and Armageddon is commonly called the ‘tribulation’, which will consist of the Trumpet and Bowl plagues in Revelation. (not the Seals)   People mistakenly include the Seals in the tribulation, but that is wrong because Seals 1-5 are in the past, and Seal 6 is the rapture, since the signs in the sun, moon, and stars perfectly match the ‘rapture’ (gathering in the sky) in Matthew 24:29-31.  In addition to the same exact signs, the 6th Seal is obviously the rapture because it describes people hiding in the mountains (who fled) who see Jesus (the Lamb) in the sky. (Rev 6:15-17)  After that, the ‘multitude from every nation’ (Christians) are seen arriving in heaven, in Rev 7:9, since palm branches symbolize arrival.  They’re in heaven between the 6th and 7th Seals, which proves the ‘pre-trib’ rapture because the Trumpet plagues, etc, can’t start until the 7th Seal is over, a half-hour of silence in Rev 8, since trumpets literally can’t sound during a “silence.”    Post-tribulationists try to deceive people into believing that the ‘tribulation’, including the antichrist (Rev 13), comes before the ‘rapture’ (multitude in heaven) by overlapping the Seals, Trumpets, and Bowls, which is manipulating or omitting about half of God’s end time prophecy.  However, omitting any part of Revelation is expressly forbidden (Rev 22:19), which essentially makes them ‘false prophets’ (for changing God’s prophecy).  The section in Matthew 24:22-25, which talks about the tribulation, is talking about the 144,000 Israelites (Rev 7), who stay on earth during the Trumpet plagues.  They are “not deceived” into taking the mark of the beast, so their “days are cut short” because they are martyred before the Bowl plagues (Rev 14).  All that ‘tribulation’ or distress starts when the abomination is set up (fleeing to the mountains), but the rapture of Christians (Matt 24:29-31) also happens at the same time because there are two groups in Matthew 24:15-31 (144,000 Israelites and Christians), just as there are two groups in Revelation 7.  The two accounts of end times (Matt and Rev) must match, and  omitting one group from Rev 7 would be another violation of God’s warning in Rev 22:19.    Therefore, the ‘abomination’ is the last sign before the ‘rapture’ (Jesus’ return in the sky to ‘gather’ Christians), which is why it’s the single most important earthly event, during end times.  Jesus just left things a little vague, in Matthew (speaking to His disciples), because He knew Revelation would be given later, with more details.    He also pointed to the Book of Daniel, where Daniel 11 contains a detailed list of events, surrounding the abomination, but the meaning was ‘sealed until the time of the end’. (12:4) In fact, the abomination is mentioned four times in Daniel’s visions, all of which give different information, and when combined; they form a definitive timeline of end times. [see chart left]  As such, Daniel’s “70th Seven” (Daniel 9:27) cannot be the same as “tribulation” (as most people have been led to believe) because the abomination is in the ‘middle of the seven’, but it starts a 2300-day period in Daniel 8:13-14.  In other words, the 70th Seven and the 2300-days overlap but they can’t be the same because it’s literally impossible.  Simply put, the rapture happens at the ‘abomination’, which is in the ‘middle of the 70th Seven’, which starts the 2300-day ‘tribulation’ (ending with Armageddon).  After that, Jesus reigns on earth for 1000-years.    Anyway, the most detailed list of events, surrounding the abomination, is found in Daniel 11, called God’s “Book of Truth” by the angel. (Dan 10:21)  Daniel 11 is the only chapter in the Bible that was specifically “sealed until the time of the end.”  Yet, God never said it would be sealed forever.  In fact, God likes to reveal the future before it happens because that’s His way of showing power and superiority over worthless idol gods. (Isaiah 44:6-7)  Therefore, it’s no surprise that God has allowed someone like me (lowly and unimportant) to ‘unseal’ Daniel 11, “so no one can boast.” (1 Cor 1:25-29)  Previous interpretations had huge gaps and serious flaws, but the correct interpretation of Daniel 11 includes every empire, from Daniel’s time until now, with no gaps or omissions.  Plus, unlike previous interpretations, the events or verses get closer together, as time goes by, especially during end times (or the final empire), which is what you would expect from a chapter that was ‘sealed until the time of the end’.  The list below summarizes the events, in this century, and shows how they got closer together.  Summary Daniel 11:19 – (1919) WWI End of the Ottoman Empire’s reign in the Middle East. Daniel 11:20 – (1919-1948) British Mandate governed while oil became valuable and       Israel was established. Daniel 11:21 – (1979) Islamic Revolution in Iran re-established the Shiites as a regional power.  Daniel 11:22 – (2003) US defeated Saddam Hussein, Iran’s closest enemy.  Daniel 11:22 – (2011) US pulled all troops out of Iraq, as directed by an earlier deal. Daniel 11:22 – (Sept 2013) US did not fire missiles at Assad but opted to let Russia       dismantle chemical weapons instead. Daniel 11:23 – (Nov 2013) Interim nuclear deal, a historic agreement, was signed with Iran.  Daniel 11:24 – (June 2014) ISIS invaded northern Iraq and declared a caliphate. Daniel 11:25 – (March 2015) Saudi Arabia declared war on Yemen because they said       Iran was involved, and the Houthis were winning the civil war. Daniel 11:26 – (July 2016) Attempted coup in Turkey turned Erdogan away from Saudi Arabia       and more towards Russia, Iran, and Assad.  Daniel 11:27 – (Sept 2016) G20 summit: Despite accusations, Erdogan still sat with                       Crown Prince Muhammad bin Salman, from Saudi Arabia. Daniel 11:28 – (Sept 2016) UN General Assembly: Rouhani complained to the P5+1 that       America wasn’t holding up their end of the nuclear deal, which got much of       Iran’s frozen wealth returned. Daniel 11:29 – (Sept 2016) Houthis began a new offensive into southern Saudi Arabia. Daniel 11:30 - (Oct 2016) US Navy fired 3 missiles and destroyed Houthi radar sites on       the Red Sea coast.  After that, the Houthis lost ground and even pursued       a peace settlement, for a while, but the Saudis wouldn’t compromise. Daniel 11:30 - (Dec 2016-present) The UN approved resolution 2334, which condemned Israeli       settlements and demanded that all building stop.  On the same day, the UN         funded a ‘blacklist’ to aid the BDS boycott.  In Dec 2017, the UN voted 128-9        to condemn Trump’s declaration that Jerusalem was the capital of Israel, thus       “forsaking the holy covenant.”    Notice that all the verses, before the abomination in verse 31, have been fulfilled, so the abomination is due next.  It would seem that God is taking His time, or creating a small gap, but the current riots in Gaza (detailed below) started in Dec-2017, after the embassy move to Jerusalem was announced.  That was about the same time as the above UN vote, so I could argue that there is no gap at all.  On the other hand, the Parable of the Ten Virgins says that the “Bridegroom was a long time in coming” (Matt 25:5), so a delay is expected.  Plus, Peter said, “The Lord is not slow in keeping His promise, as some understand slowness.  He is patient with you, not wanting anyone to perish, but everyone to come to repentance.” (2 Peter 3:9)  Yet, God will not wait forever; it will happen, eventually, just like all of God’s other prophecies. 
Other pages of interest:  Daniel 11 Explained (condensed ‘one page’ commentary) ‘Matthew 24’ Explained (must match Revelation) The ‘Seals’ Explained (Revelation’s timeline revealed) Seven Churches Explained (Past & Present Church Prophecy) See Sitemap for complete listing (by category). Home (timelines and summary) Salvation to Maturity (a simple guide)  It’s easy to see that a lot happened in 2016, which is not surprising since 2016 is on God’s timeline of 37’s, which serves as proof to God’s riddle of 666. Daniel 11 Explained (condensed commentary) verse-by-verse Related pages: The Seals Explained  (Revelation’s timeline   without contradictions)   Matthew 24 Explained (must match Revelation) Chart showing the offset between 70th Seven and 2300-day Tribulation click to enlarge Comparison of 70th Seven and the 2300-dayTribulation 2017 -     Daniel 11:31 (The Abomination) Daniel 11:31 His armed forces will rise up to desecrate the temple fortress and will abolish the daily sacrifice. Then they will set up the abomination that causes desolation.”   First of all, I don’t think Israel has to reinstate animal sacrifices for this verse to take place.  I think the “daily sacrifice” is the daily prayer at the Western Wall, which is also the “temple fortress.”  It makes sense because a “fortress” implies a ‘wall’ and the Jews pray to that wall daily.  If an armed uprising could desecrate the Western Wall, then it would naturally stop the prayer, at least for a short time, until they could clean the desecration.  However, that would be hard to do during an armed uprising.  Thus, everything in the first sentence could happen very fast, and while that is happening, they could also set up the abomination.    No one knows what the abomination is, including me.  In fact, if anyone says they know, then they are just guessing because the Bible doesn’t say.  By definition, it is something ‘hated by God’.  We know that it is something that can be ‘set up’, and the location is the ‘holy place’ (Matt 24:15) or ‘a wing of the temple’ (Daniel 9:27).  It could be something unusual, but my best guess is simply a flag, since that can be set up very quickly, and it can be very symbolic.  I mean, God allowed Israel to miraculously re-unite Jerusalem and take the Temple Mount, in just 6-days, in 1967, so a flag to symbolize the splitting of Jerusalem would certainly be hated by God.  In recent months, there have even been a couple of attempts to raise a Palestinian flag, on the Temple Mount, during protests, but they were quickly removed by Israeli police.  Yet, it might be different during an ‘armed’ uprising, and raising a flag is common practice to symbolize victory.    Yet, that victory will be short-lived because God will step in and the rapture will happen, events of which will cause desolation.  I think part of the desolation will be caused by the 6th Seal earthquake, which will generate a tsunami, which is why Judea is told to flee to the mountains when the abomination is set up.  The tsunami is described in Luke 21:25, below.  Luke 21:25-27 25 "There will be signs in the sun, moon and stars. On the earth, nations will be in anguish and perplexity at the roaring and tossing of the sea. 26 Men will faint from terror, apprehensive of what is coming on the world, for the heavenly bodies will be shaken. 27 At that time they will see the Son of Man coming in a cloud with power and great glory.   The signs in the sun, moon, and stars are described in more detail in Matthew 24:29, which match perfectly with the 6th Seal, in Rev 6, where people are hiding in the mountains who see the Lamb in all His glory.  Of course, there’s an earthquake in the 6th Seal, in addition to the signs, so the ‘tossing of the sea’ and ‘running for the mountains’ makes perfect sense.  Even though Israel has tsunami warning signs for evacuation, the time will be short, as Jesus indicated, so not everyone will make it and there will be ‘desolation’ (emptiness) near the shoreline.    [click for brief summary of the post-rapture, on pop-up] Significant Current Events    Jesus also said, “When you see Jerusalem being surrounded by armies, you will know that its desolation is near.  Then let those who are in Judea flee to the mountains …” (Luke 21:20-21)  That is obviously the same desolation that is caused by the abomination because people are directed to flee to the mountains.  So, the ‘armies surrounding Jerusalem’ must have something to do with the ‘armed forces rising up’ in Daniel 11:31.  Yet, I don’t think armies will be surrounding Jerusalem, like a siege, but rather it’s talking about the increase of hostilities all around Israel, with Jerusalem being the focal point of discussion.  I mean, Iran has been getting closer in Syria, while Hezbollah is getting stronger in Lebanon, while Hamas is causing trouble in Gaza, and other violence regularly happens in the West Bank.  Much of the hostility is centered around a future state for the Palestinians, who insist on having East Jerusalem as their capital, but that will never happen.    December 6, 2017 - Things began to get more heated when Trump announced that Jerusalem was the capital of Israel and America would move their embassy there.  Rioting began the very next day, and has continued, at least once a week, ever since.    March 30, 2018 – The protests entered a new phase called the “March of Return” riots, where Palestinians gather at several points on the Gaza border, each Friday.  They were supposed to last until May 14, 2018, which was when America officially moved their embassy to Jerusalem (on the 70th anniversary of Israel), but the protests are still ongoing.  May 14th was the bloodiest day, with over 60 deaths, but hundreds have been killed overall.    May 8, 2018 – Trump officially pulled America out of the nuclear deal, between Iran and the P5+1, and started re-imposing sanctions, even though Iran was abiding by the nuclear agreement.  The sanctions are even tougher than before and have since wrecked Iran’s economy.  April 8, 2019, Trump even declared the IRGC (Iranian Revolutionary Guard Corp) a terrorist group, which is unprecedented because that is a major branch of Iran’s military.  The move increases sanctions because the IRGC is involved in many businesses in Iran, so other countries are now prohibited to do business with those companies.  May 2, 2019, Trump also removed the exemptions from Iran’s biggest oil customers, so they must look for oil elsewhere, or face sanctions.    March 25, 2019 – Trump announced that America was recognizing the Golan Heights  as part of Israel, further angering Syria and Lebanon, and Muslims in general.    April 6, 2019 - Netanyahu pledged to annex ‘all’ the Israeli settlements in the West Bank, if he was re-elected, which of course he was, three days later.  In general, the election resulted in an increase of right-wing and religious seats in the Knesset.  Palestinian officials reacted strongly to the results, pointing out that only 18 of 120 members support a two-state solution.  They called the election a vote for ‘endless occupation’ and ‘apartheid’.   (1) War between the US and Iran   The tension between Iran and the United States has grown considerably in May and June.  It was announced on Sunday, May 5th, that the carrier group, USS Lincoln was moving towards the Gulf, due to ‘credible threats from Iran’, even though it was revealed later that the move had been planned before.  Notice that the ‘credible threats’ were around the same time as the above escalation in Gaza.  Then, on Friday, May 10th, it was announced that the USS Arlington, an amphibious landing ship, as well as a Patriot missile battery and B52 bombers, were on their way.  In the meantime, on May 8th, Trump imposed sanctions  on Iran’s industrial metals, such as iron, steel, aluminum, and copper, which is 10% of Iran’s export economy, second only to oil.  The economic warfare and threats of physical warfare finally backed Iran into a corner where they had no choice but to lash out.    The lashing out started on Sunday, May 12th, when four oil tankers were sabotaged in the Gulf of Oman, just south of the Strait of Hormuz.  Iran denied that it was them, but what do you expect them to say?  On Tuesday, May 14th, there was a sophisticated drone attack on a Saudi oil pipeline, west of the capital, Riyadh, about 500 mi north of Yemen.  On Sunday, May 19th, a Katyusha rocket landed in the Iraqi ‘green zone’, where the US embassy is located.  A launcher was found about 5 km away and Shia militias, backed by Iran, are the main suspects.  Trump’s response, later on Sunday, was a strongly worded tweet, saying, “If Iran wants to fight, that will be the official end of Iran. Never threaten the US again.”     However, threats and intimidation are apparently not going to work with Iran and their allies.  On June 6th, an MQ-9 Reaper drone from the US was taken down over the Red Sea by the Houthis.  On June 12th, the Houthis hit the arrivals hall at Saudi Arabia’s Abha airport, wounding 26 people.  Only 8 went to the hospital, but it’s another example that the Houthis are getting access to more sophisticated weapons.    On Thursday morning, June 13th, two tankers experienced explosions in the Strait of Hormuz, either from mines or torpedoes.  It was just an odd time for the attacks to happen because Japanese Prime Minister, Abe, was visiting Iranian Supreme Leader, Khamenei, and both ships, which were Japanese and Norwegian, were said to be carrying Japanese materials.   It was odd because Khamenei accepted the meeting, which he wasn’t obligated to do, and told Abe that he wasn’t interested in a message from Trump, which was sufficient to express his dissatisfaction, so why was an attack on a Japanese tanker necessary?  Of course, Iran claims that they were being framed, which is possible, but given the fact that Iran is the current ‘king of the north’, in Daniel 11, and verse 31 indicates that someone’s “armed forces will rise up”, I think the IRGC was likely responsible.  If so, then Khamenei wanted to send Trump a definite message, beyond just his verbal dissatisfaction.    On June 18th, a Katyusha rocket was fired across the Tigris River into an Iraqi military base where Americans are present.  Yet, there was no injuries or casualties.    On June 19th, another Katyusha rocket was fired near Basra, Iraq, into a site that houses several major oil firms, including US Exxon Mobil, injuring three people.    On June 20th, Iran shot down an RQ-4A Global Hawk drone over the Strait of Hormuz.  The drone reportedly cost over 100 million dollars.  Iran claims that it was in their airspace and the US disputes that claim.  The discrepancy is about 10 miles difference.  Nevertheless, the dispute almost caused a war because Trump had a plan in motion where an estimated 150 Iranians would have been killed, but he canceled the strike with 10-minutes to spare.    On June 24th, Trump imposed further sanctions upon Supreme Leader Khamenei, (and later upon Foreign Minister Zarif) for which President Rouhani said the White House was suffering from a ‘mental disability’.  Of course, that angered Trump who fired back a tweet and said, “... Any attack by Iran on anything American will be met with great and overwhelming force.  In some areas, overwhelming will mean obliteration.”    Therefore, Trump has drawn his own ‘red-line’ that Iran will eventually cross; it’s just a matter of time.  Granted, Iran has been attacked repeatedly, in Syria, and has yet to retaliate, but if Iran is attacked directly, I think they will fight back.  In that case, Iran has already said that they will use their allies such as Hezbollah, Hamas, and Islamic Jihad.  Netanyahu has also said that Israel will join the war.  Therefore, it is feasible to think that if the US attacks Iran, some of Iran’s allies will attack Israel, which could be the ‘armed uprising’ in Daniel 11:31, which will result in the abomination and rapture.    On Monday, July 1st, Israel once again attacked Iran’s allies in Syria, killing 15 people, including 6 civilians, one of whom was an infant.  The strikes were mainly around Homs and Damascus.  Several Hezbollah members were among the 9 solders killed.    On Thursday, July 4th, British marines seized an Iranian oil tanker as it was entering the Mediterranean Sea, south of Gibraltar.  It was believed to be destined for Syria.  An Iranian official tweeted that it would be their duty to seize a British tanker, which they did on July 19th Updated: 8-18-2019 Escalation in Gaza   In the week following Passover, tensions escalated dramatically, starting on Tuesday, when one rocket was fired into the Mediterranean, prompting Israel to reduce the area that Palestinians can fish.  On Thursday, May 2nd, hundreds of balloons with explosive or incendiary devices were launched into Israel, which prompted Israel to retaliate with missiles, which led to 4 more rockets from Gaza.  Friday brought the usual riots on the Gaza border, but two Israelis were shot, which prompted more retaliation.  By Saturday and Sunday, May 5th,  over 600 rockets had been fired into Israel, in a 24-hour period, killing 4 Israelis.  Of course, Israel retaliated by bombing over 260 targets, killing at least 16 Palestinians.  By the way, May 2nd was also the day that Trump ended exemptions for Iran’s biggest oil customers.  The timing could be a coincidence or it could be linked because Islamic Jihad and Hamas are allies of Iran.   May 15, 2019 - There was a 4.6 earthquake in the Mediterranean, the perfect location to hit Tel Aviv with a tsunami, but of course it didn’t.  However, larger earthquakes are often preceded by smaller ones.  When the time comes, the earthquake of the 6th Seal will be enormous and generate a considerable wave, as indicated by Luke 21:25-26 Related page: Daniel 11 Explained  (Condensed verse-by-verse commentary on one page) (2) Riots near Bab al-Rahma and the Golden Gate        There’s a 2nd scenario that doesn’t necessarily require Iran’s direct participation.   February 18, 2019 – A new development began to take place when members of the Waqf, a board of trustees who decide on matters concerning the Temple Mount, started demanding  that the Golden Gate, on the east side of the Temple Mount, which leads to the Bab al- Rahma, be opened.  The Bab al-Rahma is a building with columns, just inside the gate, which the Muslims would like to make into a permanent mosque.  However, Netanyahu and the Israeli courts have said ‘no’.  In fact, the gate has been locked, since 2003, due to Muslims conducting illegal excavations and Hamas being suspected of using the building for terrorist activities.  Yet, the gate was opened on Friday, February 22, 2019, after four days of rioting and threats of more riots.    The reason this could be a catalyst for the abomination is that Israeli courts have issued a court order to ‘re-close’ the gate.  The reason they want it closed so bad is that Jews think their messiah is supposed to enter through that gate (the one facing east), and it is supposed to remain shut until he arrives.  Ezekiel 44:1-3 “Then the man brought me back to the outer gate of the sanctuary, the one facing east, and it was shut. 2 The LORD said to me, "This gate is to remain shut. It must not be opened; no one may enter through it. It is to remain shut because the LORD, the God of Israel, has entered through it. 3 The prince himself is the only one who may sit inside the gateway to eat in the presence of the LORD. He is to enter by way of the portico of the gateway and go out the same way.”   Note: The passage is a little confusing because Ezekiel lived hundreds of years before Jesus.  Yet, he seems to be prophesying about modern times today, when the gate is shut, but he says that the Lord “entered through it” (past tense), since that’s where Jesus made His triumphant entry.  I don’t fully understand everything, but the Bab al-Rahma fits the description of a “portico” (roof and columns), and it’s the only gate facing east (towards the Mount of Olives).  Of course, the Jews are wrong about their messiah, but that doesn’t matter because they are still highly motivated to re-shut the gate, so their messiah can arrive.    Of course, the Muslims know this, which is why they want it open, to prevent the Jewish messiah from arriving.  That is the same reason that the Sultan Suleiman put a large Muslim cemetery in front of the gate, in the 16th century.  Plus, the Palestinians suspect Israel of wanting to change the status quo and put a synagogue for Jewish prayer in that area.  The Muslims have vowed to riot if Israel re-locks the gate, but the Jews are bound to do it, eventually, because many think the time is right for their messiah.    The situation could ignite into a religious war, and the Bab al-Rahma is literally on a “wing of the temple,” where the abomination will be set up. (below) The 70th Seven Daniel 9:27  He will confirm a covenant with many for one 'seven.' In the middle of the 'seven' he will put an end to sacrifice and offering. And on a wing [of the temple]  he will set up an abomination that causes desolation, until the end that is decreed is poured out on him.” (NIV)   First of all, the subject of this verse is Iran, not Israel as many people have been led to believe, since the one who ‘confirms a covenant with many’ is the same one who sets up the abomination.  Then, “the end that is decreed is poured out on him,” which is the ‘tribulation’ (Trumpet and Bowl plagues in Revelation), which is poured out upon the antichrist and armies of the beast.  Note: The way I understand it, the ‘beast’ is a group of 10-nations that will make up the ‘north’, in Daniel 11, but Iran will lead those nations as the ‘king of the north’, who will ultimately be led by the antichrist, who is a person (the ‘mouth’ in Rev 13:5).  In general, Revelation can be confusing because ‘beast’ can refer to the nations or armies, or the antichrist who is leading the armies, but Iran is in the center.    Along those lines, I’m almost certain that the “covenant with many” was the JCPOA or Iranian nuclear agreement with the P5+1 (US, UK, France, Russia, China, + Germany), which makes up the ‘many’.  The “confirmation” most likely came on ‘Implementation Day’, January 16, 2016, which is when Iran completed its requirements for the agreement, and in return, some of the sanctions were lifted.  If 3.5 years are added, then that would put the approximate ‘middle of the 70th Seven’ near July 16, 2019.  Of course, that date has passed and the abomination and rapture didn’t occur, but I’ve always said that the middle of a 7-year period cannot be pinpointed to 1-day.  On the contrary, the middle in general could be several months, so I have not given up that the Iranian nuclear agreement was the “covenant with many.”  Besides, the Parable of the 10-virgins says that the “Bridegroom was a long time in coming” (Matt 25:5), so you would not expect Jesus to come on the exact middle.   Other considerations for the nuclear agreement as the ‘covenant with many’ is that it has fulfilled parts of Daniel 11, so it serves to link Daniel 9 and 11.  I mean, the interim agreement that provided the framework, Nov 24, 2013, fulfilled Daniel 11:23.  After the implementation in Jan-2016, America was dragging its feet on fulfilling it’s part of the bargain, so Rouhani complained to the P5+1 at the UNGA, Sept-2016.  That prompted Obama to release billions of dollars in frozen assets, which fulfilled Daniel 11:28.  (It’s interesting to note that verse 28 is the only modern verse that specifically mentions the ‘king of the north’ by title.)  Another consideration about Implementation Day is that it means the 70th Seven started in 2016, which is a year on God’s ‘timeline of 37’s’, which seems appropriate to me.  Then, Trump was elected (in 2016) and subsequently dropped out of the nuclear agreement, in 2018, which has led to our current situation.  Thus, the nuclear agreement has remained front and center, since 2013, and remains a primary catalyst for current events, potentially leading to the abomination in Daniel 11:31.    Note: For the sake of space, the above is only a short summary of events that have been provoking the Iranians and Palestinians to respond with anger and violence.  It is impossible to mention all the times Israel has bombed Iran, in Syria.  Over time, Israel has become more open about it, and less apprehensive about inflicting human casualties.  Iran has said that they will respond in their own time, which could bring the fulfillment of Daniel 11:31.   Today, I see two possible scenarios that could bring the uprising in Daniel 11:31 - (1) war between the US and Iran, which would include Iran’s allies attacking Israel. (2) the situation with Bab al-Rahma and the Golden Gate.   July 7, 2019 – Iran announced that they were breaking the nuclear agreement’s restraint to keep enriched uranium under the 3.67% level.  They previously went beyond the agreement’s storage limit of 661 pounds.  Netanyahu called the move a “very dangerous step” and Trump said Iran “better be careful.”  Personally, I think it’s ridiculous for Trump to think that Iran should abide by an agreement that he broke over a year ago.    July 11, 2019 – Netanyahu announced, although he prefers calm, if a war in Gaza becomes necessary, that he is preparing for a large-scale and surprising operation, and the upcoming election will not deter him.  Also July 11th, supposedly unrelated, Israeli forces shot and killed a Hamas member who was trying to keep protesters away from the security fence.  At first, Hamas threatened retaliation, but later, Israel admitted that it had made a mistake, so …   July 14, 2019 – It was reported that 85 Israelis, including 8 religious students and 6 intelligence officers, broke into the Al-Aqsa Mosque and moved barriers and shoe racks.  Supposedly, some performed Talmudic rituals at the Bab al-Rahma and Dome of the Rock.  Muslim officials claimed that “cowardly acts” such as this was meant to provoke a response so Israel could close the Bab al-Rahma. (more details about that below)    July 18, 2019 – Iran announced that it had seized a small oil tanker, on July 14th, with 12 crew members, who had been smuggling oil.  The ship is registered to a company in the UAE, but they claim that they previously sold the ship.  An independent Israeli firm, Windward, says that the ship would regularly turn off its beacon, obtain oil from an unknown source, and transfer it to larger tankers.  That sounds a lot like smuggling, which is probably why no one is claiming the vessel.   July 19, 2019 – Iran seized a British oil tanker, with 23 crew members, which Iran says collided with a small Iranian fishing boat, and subsequently refused to follow protocol.  Naturally, the UK is demanding that the tanker be released, and threatening ‘serious consequences’, but not a military response.  Recently, as of 8-18-19, the UK and Gibraltar has said that Iran’s tanker is free to go, but it’s still working on leaving.  No word yet on the British tanker.   July 19, 2019 – The US military announced the launch of Operation Sentinel, which is supposed to be a “multinational maritime effort” to increase ‘surveillance and security’ in key waters of the Middle East, including the Persian Gulf, Strait of Hormuz, Gulf of Oman, and Bab al-Mandeb (Red Sea).  The US also announced that it is sending 500 troops to Saudi Arabia, along with a Patriot missile battery and a squadron of F-22 stealth fighter jets.  It is the first deployment of troops to Saudi Arabia since 2003.  Israel said they would be glad to help the operation, but Iran said they would attack if Israel came to the Strait of Hormuz.   In general, Iran is backed into a corner, concerning sanctions, and will likely keep lashing out in various ways.  Foreign Minister Zarif recently told reporters at the UN, “We live in a very dangerous environment. The United States has pushed itself and the rest of the world into probably the brink of an abyss.”  Furthermore, he said the Trump administration was “trying to starve our people” and “deplete our treasury” through sanctions.  As they say, ‘desperate times calls for desperate measures’, and Iran is getting more desperate.    July 20, 2019 (17th of Tammuz) - A small section of the Western Wall, which is only accessible through an alley in the Muslim quarter, was desecrated on the 17th of Tammuz Specifically, someone took red spray-paint and wrote, “Slaughter the Jews.”  I’m not saying that this act satisfied Daniel 11:31, because there was no ‘armed uprising’ or stoppage of prayer at the main plaza (Kotel), but events seem to be edging closer to that sort of thing.   Updated: 8-18-2019   August 8, 2019 – An off-duty, unarmed Israeli soldier was stabbed to death while walking in the West Bank.  There was a massive manhunt for the murderers, but I never heard if they were caught, which probably means they weren’t, as of 8-18-19.    August 11, 2019 – Muslim worshipers clashed with Jewish police on the Temple mount, when Jews were allowed to ascend on Tisha Be’Av, a day of mourning that marks the destruction of both Jewish Temples.  It was during regular visiting hours, but it coincided with Eid al-Adha, which is a Muslim holy day.  Clashes were inevitable because nearby mosques were closed so Muslims would have to visit the Temple Mount to pray, just to block the Jews.  The Muslims even delayed their prayer time by one hour so it would coincide with Jewish visiting hours.  Yet, the Muslims cried foul when the Jewish police used tear gas and rubber bullets on the Muslim holy day.    Similar clashes occurred on June 2, 2019, when Jerusalem Day, which celebrates the 1967 re-unification of Jerusalem, coincided with the end of Ramadan.  Granted, the clashes didn’t turn into the ‘armed uprising’ from Daniel 11:31, but they hold significance because these were the first instances where Jews were allowed to ascend to the top of the Mount, on a Muslim holiday, in many centuries.  That’s why many Muslims expressed anger, even from Iran, Jordan, etc, given that Muslims think Israel is trying to change the status quo.  Whether it’s true or not doesn’t really matter because Muslim perception is what drives their actions.    In the past couple of weeks, there has been an increase of incidents in the West Bank and Gaza, besides the murder on Aug 8th (above).  On August 1st, an IDF officer and two soldiers were injured, and the Hamas member killed, during an exchange of fire on the Gaza border.  On August 10th, four Palestinians, armed with AK-47s and grenades, were caught trying to cross the border into Israel and were killed.  On August 11th, another Palestinian fired at Israeli troops while trying to cross the border and was killed.  On Friday and Saturday, August 16-17, rockets were fired into southern Israel, prompting Israel to respond by hitting targets in Gaza on Friday night.  Also, on August 16th, two Israeli teens were purposely struck by a car while waiting at a bus stop in the West Bank.  The incidents may seem small, individually, but they show a general escalation of violence.  Together with the clashes on the Temple Mount, it has been a busy couple of weeks. 
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