Updated chart: 10-31-2020    Q & A:  People have asked why the Bible goes from vague descriptions of time, such as a ‘seven’, a ‘time’, and an ‘hour’, to exact numbers, such as 1260, 1290, 1335, and 2300 days?    Answer:  All the vague references are before the rapture and the exact ones are after.    That is so the rapture will be a surprise, but once that happens, the ‘set times’ don’t need to be hidden any more.  Not even the antichrist can do anything to change the ‘set times’. (Dan. 7:25)  © Copyright 2010 - 2020   All rights reserved. Daniel 11 Explained (condensed ‘one page’ commentary) ‘Matthew 24’ Explained (must match Revelation) The ‘Seals’ Explained (Revelation timeline revealed) Seven Churches Explained (Past & Present Church Prophecy) Note: ‘Sitemap’ shows a complete list of all pages (by category). ‘Homepage’ gives 3 simple steps + timelines + summary. Current Events from Daniel 11 (matching the Middle East) The Abomination (Daniel 11:31) done Recent Events ISIS - Saudi - Turkey (Daniel 11: 24-27) Final Events to the Abomination (Daniel 11: 28-30) Shiites re-take Persia + America’s Role Begins (Daniel 11: 21-23) soon done done The 70th Seven / Daniel’s Final Week Daniel 9:27 (NIV) “He will confirm a covenant with many for one 'seven.' In the middle of the 'seven'  he will put an end to sacrifice and offering. And on a wing [of the temple] he will set up an abomination that causes desolation, until the end that is decreed is poured out on him.”   Introduction:    In a nutshell, the 70th Seven is important because it’s the only verse in the Bible that contains a time reference ‘before’ the “abomination that causes desolation”.  The abomination is important because that’s the event that Jesus specifically pointed to in Matthew 24:15-31, as happening in conjunction with the rapture. (see Matthew 24 page Of course, the exact timing of the rapture is God’s well-kept secret but He has provided clues in the Bible so people can watch the signs and know that the time is near.  Jesus said, “It will be good for those servants whose master finds them watching when he comes. I tell you the truth, he will dress himself to serve, will have them recline at the table and will come and wait on them.” (Luke 12:37)  As you can see, there’s a special reward for servants who are ‘watching’ when Jesus comes, so there must be specific clues or ‘signs’ in the Bible to indicate the general time to watch.  Yet, God never said the signs would be easy to decipher.  Solomon said, “It is the glory of God to conceal a matter; to search out a matter is the glory of kings.” (Proverbs 25:2)  Background: What is a Seven?   Before I go any farther, let me show that a “seven” is 7-years, rather than something else.  In case you’re not familiar, this verse is called the “70th seven” because there are sixty-nine other sevens that precede it.  The others are not connected chronologically, but they are useful in proving the measure of time.  Daniel 9:25 says, “Know and understand this: From the issuing of the decree to restore and rebuild Jerusalem until the Anointed One, the ruler, comes, there will be seven ‘sevens’ and sixty-two ‘sevens’.”  The decree to rebuild Jerusalem (not the temple) was issued by King Artaxerxes of Persia, in the seventh year of his reign, which was 458 BC (according to the NIV study notes for Ezra 7).  It is not apparent to me why God separates the sevens, but the total is 483 years (69 times 7).  That puts the 483d year around 25AD, which is very close to when Jesus started his ministry (the Anointed One) because He was not born in year ‘zero’.  He was born in the time of King Herod (Matt. 2:1) and Herod died in 4 BC.  Plus, before Herod died, he ordered all Hebrew males, two years old and younger to be killed, so Jesus was probably about one.  Since He started His ministry at age 30 (Luke 3:23), it would have been around 25AD or the 483rd year.  The dates may not be exact, but the illustration is sufficient to show that a “seven” is “7-years” rather than something else.  - Chart showing the offset between 70th Seven and 2300-day Tribulation click to enlarge Most likely interpretation for the 70th Seven      I’ve always said that it’s more important to watch the ‘signs’ (or verses) from Daniel 11 that lead to the abomination, as Jesus said to do.  Nevertheless, God included Daniel 9:27 as a clue, which also includes the abomination, so it shouldn’t be ignored.  In other words, the events of Daniel 11 must coincide with the timing of Daniel 9:27.  I’ve been doing this for many years and the events of Daniel 11, up to the abomination in verse 31, have been satisfied, so the abomination is due at any time.  On the other hand, the abomination in Daniel 9:27 happens in the ‘middle’ (NIV) or ‘midst’ (KJV) of the 70th Seven.  Personally, I favor the NIV because it is easier to read in modern English, but in this particular case, I think the KJV is more accurate because ‘midst’ is more vague.  I mean, the word ‘midst’ means it could happen anywhere within the 70th Seven, rather than the exact middle.  That’s important because I think we are already past the middle and into the 2nd half of the 70th Seven, which is expected because the Parable of the Ten Virgins says, “the Bridegroom was a long time in coming,” which caused all 10 to fall asleep. (Matt 25:5)    So, how are we already in the 2nd half?  Note: That doesn’t mean we are in the 2nd half of tribulation.  The 70th Seven is NOT the same as tribulation.  In general, the rapture happens almost simultaneously with the abomination, as Jesus noted in Matthew 24:15-31, and since the abomination happens in the midst or ‘within’ the 70th Seven, the 70th Seven cannot possibly be the same as tribulation.  The tribulation is actually the 2300-days (78 lunar months or about 6.3 years) mentioned in Daniel 8:13-14, which starts with the abomination.  I have a chart on the left to show the offset, which I revised on 10-31-2020 because the abomination was obviously not in the ‘middle’, as the NIV says, but will be in the ‘midst’, as the KJV says, which could mean anywhere within.  The two lines will still overlap, but just not as much.  The bottom timeline in the chart is not affected because all those events happen after the abomination.    So again, how are we already in the 2nd half?  The biggest clue in the verse is the event that starts the 70th Seven, which is a ‘confirmation of a covenant with many’.  Daniel 9:27 (NIV) “He will confirm a covenant with many for one 'seven.' In the middle of the 'seven'  he will put an end to sacrifice and offering. And on a wing [of the temple] he will set up an abomination that causes desolation, until the end that is decreed is poured out on him.”     First of all, the subject of the verse is Iran, not Israel as many people have been led to believe, since the one who ‘confirms a covenant with many’ is the same one who sets up the abomination and “the end that is decreed is poured out on him.”  The ‘end’ that is “poured out” is quite literally the Trumpet and Bowl plagues in Revelation, which constitute the post-rapture tribulation (after Christians are in heaven in Rev 7).  They are poured out upon the antichrist and armies of the beast, which Iran will be leading because they are featured as starting the final empire in Daniel 11:21.      Along those lines, I’m almost certain that the “covenant with many” was the JCPOA or Iranian nuclear agreement with the P5+1 (US, UK, France, Russia, China, + Germany).  That would correctly make Iran the main subject of the covenant (agreement) and put the P5+1 as the ‘many’.  It makes perfect sense because the Iranian nuclear agreement (pro or con) has stood the test-of-time and remains a primary catalysis of events today.    I think the “confirmation” most likely came on ‘Implementation Day’, January 16, 2016, which is when Iran completed its requirements for the agreement, and in return, some of the sanctions were lifted.  That event ‘confirmed the covenant’.  If I’m correct, then the 70th Seven would span from Jan-2016 to Jan-2023, so as you can see, we are already in the 2nd half and Jesus could come at any time.    Note: There has been a lot of speculation about the recent agreements signed between Israel and the UAE and Bahrain, but I think those ‘normalizations’ with Arab countries are just fulfilling Paul’s prophecy that people will be saying ‘peace and safety’ when destruction comes. (1 Thess 5:3)  After all, the so-called ‘peace deals’ are being signed with elements of the ‘South’ in Daniel 11 (Saudi Arabia, Egypt, GCC), but it is the North (Iran and allies) who eventually invade Israel in Daniel 11:40-43.  It makes perfect sense that Israel is becoming closer to the South because it is the South who is defeated in Daniel 11:40-43, when Israel is invaded and the two witnesses are killed, midway through tribulation.  ‘Turning Religious Feasts into Mourning’   I’m always reminded of the following verse from Amos. Amos 8: 7-10a 7 The LORD has sworn by the Pride of Jacob: "I will never forget anything they have done.  8 "Will not the land tremble for this, and all who live in it mourn?  The whole land will rise like the Nile; it will be stirred up and then sink like the river of Egypt. 9 "In that day," declares the Sovereign LORD, "I will make the sun go down at noon  and darken the earth in broad daylight.  10 I will turn your religious feasts into mourning and all your singing into weeping.   I think Amos was clearly prophesying about the 6th Seal rapture because it says the “land trembles”, which accounts for the earthquake.  Then, the land “rises like the Nile”, which describes a tsunami from that earthquake, which agrees with Luke 21:25 -“roaring and tossing of the sea.”  Then, the ‘sun is darkened’, which is also a sign in the 6th Seal.  Thus, the 6th Seal is loosely connected with God ‘turning Jewish feasts into mourning’.  I say “loosely” because I don’t think it restricts the rapture to happening directly ‘on’ a religious feast, since the Jews would still be mourning whenever the next one rolled around.  Nevertheless, I think the odds are a little higher around Jewish feasts, due to Amos 8, but Jesus could come at any time because it’s meant to be a surprise.    Related page: Daniel 11 Explained  (Condensed verse-by-verse commentary on one page) Full moons in the Bible   God defined the original Passover, in Egypt, as the 14th of the 1st lunar month (Exodus 12:6).  The next day, the Feast of Unleavened Bread starts on the 15th.  That’s a full moon because a lunar month averages 29.5 days, and starts on a new moon.  Before that, the flood started on the 17th of the 2nd month (Gen 7:11), and the ark came to rest on Mt. Ararat on the 17th of the 7th month, both of which are near a full moon.  Purim also falls on a full moon because the Israeli victory over the Persians, for which it represents, happened on the 13th/14th of the lunar month (Esther 9:1-19).  God also defined the Feast of Tabernacles (Sukkot) to start on the 15th of the month (Leviticus 23:34).  Of course, Jesus was crucified and resurrected during Passover, so that also happened during a full moon, from the 15th to the 17th.  Thus, at least five major events, in the Bible, occurred on or near full moons, so the chances of the rapture happening on or near a full moon is always a little higher in my book.  586 BC 516 BC 445 BC 66 AD 4 / 5 BC 136 AD 1948 / 1949 1878    2019 / 2020 ??? 70 years 71 years 70 / 71 years 70 years 70 years 70 / 71 years Destruction of 1st Temple (2 Kings 25:8-9) 70-year Periods in Jewish History (3rd ‘pair’ possible very soon) Completion of Jerusalem wall (Nehemiah 6:15) Birth of Jesus (based on Herod’s death in 4 BC) Start of 1st Jewish revolt (Begin Seal 2) End of 3rd revolt  & complete exile (End of Seal 2) 1st modern Jewish settlement in Palestine  (related to Seal 3) Israel declared a nation  / final armistice (related to Seal 4) Possible Rapture uprising & abomination  (Seal 6) Completion of 2nd Temple (Ezra 6:15) Jesus’ resurrection (Seal 1) see related page: The Seals Explained Updated: 10-31-2020 Numerous 70-year Periods in Israel’s History   There is a pattern of 70-year periods in the Bible (see chart below), two of which are associated with the Seals.  Since the rapture is the 6th Seal, it makes sense that it would happen around the 70th anniversary of Israel, making another 70-year period.  In fact, the 70-year periods seem to happen in pairs, and the 6th Seal rapture would complete another pair.  Of course, we have just gone beyond Israel’s traditional 70th anniversary (May 14th), but Israel signed their final armistice with Syria on July 20, 1949., ending their war of independence.  Thus, God could see Israel’s 70th anniversary differently than we do.  Comparison of Timelines: 70th Seven to 2300-days